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  1. Thirteen genetic variants associated with disease in cats are present in more pedigreed breeds than previously thought, according to the largest ever DNA-based study of domestic cats. However, these variants are declining in frequency in breeds that are regularly screened for the genetic markers. View the source article
  2. Dog-assisted interventions can lead to significantly lower stress in children both with and without special needs, according to a new study using salivary cortisol levels. View the source article
  3. English Bulldogs must be bred with more moderate physical features, experts say, as a new study reports that the breed is significantly less healthy than other dog breeds. English Bulldogs are at increased risk of breathing, eye, and skin conditions due to their extreme physical features, including shortened muzzles, folded skin, and a squat body, reports a recent article. View the source article
  4. A fossilized lower jaw has led an international team of palaeontologists to discover a new species of predator that once lived in Europe. These large predators belong to a group of carnivores colloquially known as 'bear dogs'. They could weigh around 320 kilograms, appeared 36 million years ago before becoming extinct around 7.5 million years ago. View the source article
  5. An inhaled immunotherapy successfully treated cancer in some companion dogs as part of a clinical trial conducted by oncology and veterinary researchers. Results show potential for fighting cancer in humans as well. View the source article
  6. Intestinal flora plays an important role in health -- including mental health. Researchers have shown that probiotics can support the effect of antidepressants and help to alleviate depression. View the source article
  7. Senior dogs face many health problems such as arthritis and cognitive decline, but cancer is, unfortunately, one of the most common. Although one in four dogs will develop cancer at some point in their life, this disease will strike almost half of all dogs over the age of 10. According to the Veterinary Cancer Society, it’s the leading cause of death in senior dogs. That means it’s important to keep a watchful eye on your senior dog’s health and behavior. Ensure they receive regular veterinary care and remain alert for symptoms so you can get help for your pet as soon as possible before the disease spreads. With treatment options similar to those for people, there’s hope your dog can defeat the disease. Cancer Symptoms in Dogs Cancer is the development and out-of-control growth of abnormal cells which can move throughout the body, spreading into and destroying normal tissues. There are many types of cancer, and the signs and symptoms vary based on the type and location of the illness. Therefore, it’s important to monitor your dog’s overall health and consult your veterinarian if you see anything out of the ordinary, either physically or behaviorally. Here are some of the signs to watch for: Unusual lumps and bumps. These growths could appear anywhere, so be sure to examine your entire pet regularly during petting sessions or as part of your dog’s grooming routine. Sores or open wounds that don’t heal. Weight loss or loss of appetite. Discharge from any opening in the body, such as the nostrils, mouth, or anus. This includes bleeding, vomiting, and diarrhea. Bad odor. Tumors in the mouth, nose, or anus can lead to offensive smells. Lack of interest in exercise and play, or a decrease in stamina. This can be your dog slowing down from old age, but it can also be one of the first signs of illness. Mobility issues like limping or stiffness. Although this can indicate arthritis, it can also be caused by nerve, muscle, or bone cancer. Problems breathing or going to the bathroom. If your dog is wheezing, having trouble urinating, or straining to poop, an immediate trip to the veterinarian is in order. None of these signs guarantee your dog has cancer, so don’t panic. Other illnesses or issues could be to blame, including relatively harmless ones like benign fatty tumors. But the sooner your dog is diagnosed, the sooner life-saving treatment can begin. Diagnosing Cancer in Dogs If you suspect cancer in your dog, how will your vet confirm your fears? They will likely perform a complete wellness check including blood work and urinalysis. That will allow them to assess organ function and rule out other conditions. They may also conduct scans such as an ultrasound or CT scan to see the position and size of the tumor. Finally, they will need a sample of the tissue in question for examination under a microscope. This will be done with a biopsy. One type of biopsy is a fine-needle aspirate where a very thin needle is inserted into the tumor to withdraw a sample of the cells. Your vet may also refer you to a specialist known as a veterinary oncologist. These experts focus on cancer development and treatment. You can find a board-certified veterinary oncologist through Vet Specialists. Don’t be afraid to ask your vet for a referral or second opinion. You want to ensure your dog is getting access to the best care available including clinical trials for new treatments. Dog Cancer Treatments There are three main avenues of treatment for cancer in dogs, and they are the same as those for humans: surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. The treatment your vet or veterinary oncologist suggests will vary based on your dog’s diagnosis, such as the type or stage of cancer. Although the purpose of surgery is to remove a tumor, it’s not always the best option for every cancer. More cancer may be cured with surgery than with other treatments, but if the tumor has microscopic fingers that surgery can’t remove, cancer will likely return. That may make radiation or chemotherapy necessary. Also, examination of the cancerous tissue after it has been removed will help answer questions such as whether the tumor will grow back and whether it will spread, and therefore what additional steps should be taken. Radiation therapy is the use of high-dose ionizing radiation to damage the DNA of cancer cells, thereby killing them. It can shrink a tumor or even destroy it entirely. This treatment is most effective in tumors with rapidly dividing cells, and it can be used on its own or as part of a combination of treatments. It can help shrink a tumor before surgical removal or limit the growth of cancer cells left behind after surgery. Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to kill or slow the growth of cancer cells. These drugs can be administered in pill form or given intravenously and are often developed from natural sources like plants or bacteria. As with radiation, chemotherapy can be used before or after surgery or as a treatment on its own. Finally, there are potential new treatments on the horizon. A newer and still evolving treatment called immunotherapy boosts a dog’s own immune system to fight off cancer. Like the more traditional treatments, immunotherapy might work best in combination with other treatments. And there are various cancer vaccines undergoing testing such as one for osteosarcoma, a bone cancer. alexsokolov/Getty Images Plus Caring for a Dog With Cancer Side effects from cancer treatments vary. After surgery, your dog will need to rest and leave the incision site alone. Radiation therapy side effects are usually temporary and can include soreness or discomfort at the site of treatment. And chemotherapy side effects are much milder in dogs than in people, with 70 percent of dogs having few if any issues. The key with all treatments is to keep your dog comfortable and to maintain the best quality of life possible. Adjunct therapies can help with side effects. For example, acupuncture may help with pain management and appetite. Be sure to consult a veterinarian knowledgeable about alternative treatments and report every supplement and alternative therapy you’re using to ensure there aren’t any conflicts with the main course of treatment. Cancer is a terrifying diagnosis, but you can be your pet’s best advocate. Thanks to specialized treatments your dog can battle the condition while maintaining a high quality of life. The post Cancer in Senior Dogs: Signs and Symptoms to Watch For appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article
  8. Young children who grow up with a dog or in a large family may have some protection later in life from a common inflammatory bowel disease known as Crohn's disease, according to a new study. View the source article
  9. Veterinarians and researchers have developed a technique to predict leptospirosis in dogs through artificial intelligence. Leptospirosis is a life-threatening bacterial disease dogs can get from drinking contaminated water. View the source article
  10. A recent study confirmed that scent detection dogs can be taught to identify individuals with a coronavirus infection from skin swabs. In the experimental set-up at Finland's Helsinki-Vantaa International Airport, the accuracy of the dogs in identifying the samples was 92 percent. View the source article
  11. Rss Bot

    Common Health Concerns in Senior Dogs

    Aging is a natural part of life, even for dogs. Their pace slows, their naps increase, and their coats may get gray. Giant breeds like the Mastiff are considered seniors by 6 or 7 years old, whereas toy breeds like the Yorkshire Terrier don’t enter their senior years until they’re 10 to 12. Regardless of when it happens, it’s important to appreciate the changes aging can bring and help them feel their best. Some are a normal part of being a senior, but others can indicate serious health concerns. Obesity Weight gain is a risk for many older dogs as they tend to be less active—i.e. they don’t burn the calories they once did. And an age-related decrease in metabolism may play a role as well. You can tell if your dog is overweight by assessing their body condition. Looking at them from above, they should have a waist behind their ribs, and from the side, their tummy should tuck up and their ribs should just be visible. If you’re unsure, ask your vet to assess your dog’s body condition. Obesity not only exacerbates health issues like arthritis, but it can also increase the risk of other complications such as heart disease. So, it’s important to take it seriously. However, no dog is about to put themselves on a diet. Speak to your vet about your senior dog’s daily calorie requirements and adjust feeding amounts or the choice of diet accordingly. Also, ask about exercise options appropriate for your dog’s overall health. jadephotography89/Getty Images Plus Arthritis Older dogs take a slower approach to life, but if you notice yours seems stiff or is limping, arthritis might be to blame. Osteoarthritis is the breakdown of cartilage in the joints between bones. It causes pain and inflammation while decreasing movement. Signs to look for include: Difficulty getting up from sitting or laying down Decreased interest in running, jumping, playing, or climbing stairs Limping or lameness Losing muscle mass in the back end Trouble squatting for bathroom behavior or having accidents in the house Irritability or sensitivity to petting or touch Along with a physical exam, your vet may also want to perform X-rays to examine the joints. There is no cure for arthritis, so treatment focuses on slowing the progression and easing discomfort. Your vet might recommend a medication like a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory or joint supplements like glucosamine and chondroitin. It’s also key to keep excess weight off your dog as it adds a burden to already degenerating joints. Cognitive Decline Just like humans, dogs can suffer from cognitive changes as they age. You might notice they become forgetful or anxious. This could be a normal part of aging, related to other health conditions like vision loss, which is a sign of cognitive dysfunction syndrome (CDS), the dog version of Alzheimer’s disease. Diagnosis of CDS is based on behavior, and signs include house soiling, learning or memory issues, increased anxiety, disorientation or confusion, and disturbed sleep during the night. Your vet will need to rule out other health conditions first because issues such as sensory loss or endocrine disorders can cause similar symptoms. If your dog is suffering from CDS, there are treatment options that can help them live more comfortably. Medications specifically for CDS can ease overall symptoms, or you can try a symptom-specific treatment like anti-anxiety meds for anxiety or sleep aids for sleep. Nutritional supplements like fatty acids might help as well. And finally, providing more mental stimulation and increasing potty breaks will benefit your dog too. Hearing and Vision Loss As with humans, vision loss and hearing loss can impact senior dogs. And if it’s gradual enough, you might not realize it until the loss is significant. Dogs adapt well by relying on their other senses. Signs to watch for include: Vision Loss Problems locating toys or the food and water dishes Bumping into furniture or walls Hesitant jumping on or off the furniture or climbing down the stairs Not making eye contact with you Behaving anxiously or becoming clingy Hearing Loss Sleeping more soundly Ignoring your cues Not coming when called or not looking at you when you call their name Not being disturbed by loud sounds Ignoring sounds that used to be exciting, like a squeaky toy Hearing loss in senior dogs is usually caused by deterioration of the nerves inside the ear. On the other hand, vision loss can result from many health issues such as glaucoma and cataracts or hypertension. Depending on the issue, the sooner your vet examines your pet, the better. Although most sensory loss is irreversible, the underlying condition might require immediate treatment. ©zanna_ - stock.adobe.com Urinary Incontinence and Kidney Disease Many older dogs begin to show signs of urinary incontinence, which is a loss of bladder control. Often, the muscles controlling the bladder’s opening weaken, so the dog might leak urine during the night, dribble while walking, or be unable to hold it as long as they used to. There are medications that can help tighten up the muscles, more frequent bathroom breaks might help, or you may want to get them a diaper. However, there are other possible causes of urinary incontinence such as urinary tract infections or bladder stones, so your vet will need to rule those out. Another cause of bathroom accidents is kidney disease. This happens when the kidneys are no longer able to efficiently filter waste products from a dog’s blood, which causes the dog to drink more and therefore pee more. Other symptoms to watch for include decreased appetite and vomiting. Your vet will diagnose the disease with blood work and urine testing. It’s important to closely monitor the condition and start treatment right away to preserve as much kidney function as possible and avoid complications. That might include a special renal diet, medications, and fluid therapy. Cancer As your dog ages, their risk of cancer increases. Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells, but there are many different types of cancer, and it can occur all over the body. Symptoms will depend on the type and location of the disease. Therefore, it’s important to closely observe your senior dog’s physical health and behavior and then report anything out of the ordinary to your veterinarian. Some of the more common signs to be aware of are: Lumps or bumps, although these could be benign Weight loss or loss of appetite Vomiting or diarrhea Unpleasant odors coming from your dog Problems going to the bathroom or breathing Sores that don’t heal or discharge from body openings like the nostrils or anus Your vet will diagnose cancer through a physical exam, blood work, and perhaps X-rays. Finally, they will want a sample of the tumor either with fine-needle aspiration, a biopsy (removal of part of the cancerous tissue), or complete removal of the tumor. Treatment will depend on the type of cancer and how advanced it is but may include removal of the tumor, radiation therapy, or the use of drugs such as chemotherapy. The sooner your dog is diagnosed, the better the likely outcome. The post Common Health Concerns in Senior Dogs appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article
  12. Researchers have found that a suite of complimentary tests can quantify changes in dogs suspected of suffering from cognitive decline. The approach could not only aid owners in managing their elderly canine's care, but could also serve as a model for evaluating cognitive decline progression in -- and treatments for -- humans with Alzheimer's disease. View the source article
  13. Rss Bot

    Medical Emergency Tips for Your Dog

    It’s an unfortunate fact that dogs, like people, experience medical emergencies. If your pet falls victim to an illness or an accident, they will need to see a veterinarian stat. The following tips may keep your dog out of immediate danger until he receives professional help. What to Do in Emergencies One of the first steps you should take in an emergency is to call your veterinarian. Be prepared to describe the situation. Your veterinarian can tell you how to administer first aid and how to transport your pet safely. Having a dog-specific first aid kit on hand is essential as well. Breathing If the dog is unable to breathe, you’ll need to perform artificial respiration. First, clear the dog’s mouth of any obstructions, including mucus or blood. Then close the mouth, place your lips over the dog’s nostrils, and give three-to-four big breaths, 10-to-12 times per minute. If you can’t detect a heartbeat, position the dog on their back or side. Support small dogs by placing one hand on each side of the chest near the elbow. Perform five chest compressions to one quick breath. Continue this pattern until the dog starts breathing on his own. Bleeding External bleeding requires immediate attention, so press down firmly on the area with your fingers or the palm of your hand and then apply a firm, but not tight, bandage. Don’t worry about cleaning out the wound until the bleeding has stopped. Take the dog to the veterinarian as quickly as possible. Antibiotics may be needed to stave off infection. Internal bleeding, from a fall or from being hit by a car or other heavy object, can be more dangerous. The dog may show these signs: painful or swollen abdomen; pale gums; blood in vomit, urine, stools, saliva, or nose discharge; trouble breathing; weakness and collapse. A veterinarian needs to treat internal bleeding as soon as possible. Shock Shock sometimes occurs in situations that involve head injuries, significant loss of blood or fluids, and severe infection. The signs include a rapid heart rate, pale mucous membrane, very low blood pressure, very little urinary output, and a weak pulse. Keep the dog warm and quiet, treat any visible injuries, and take them to the veterinarian immediately. Broken Bones Fractures require immediate attention. Dogs will hold a fractured or dislocated limb in an unnatural position; signs of a fracture often include lameness, pain, and swelling. The dog should be transported to the veterinarian with as little movement as possible. Do not use antiseptics or ointments on open fractures. Heatstroke Heatstroke may occur when dogs are left in cars, overexercised on hot, or even warm days, or when kennel areas don’t have proper ventilation. Signs include panting and drooling, skin that is hot to the touch, vomiting, loss of coordination, and collapse. You should use cool water, ice packs, or wet towels to cool the dog, but do NOT immerse him in cold water. Offer him small amounts of drinking water once they begin to cool down. Call your veterinarian after administering the first aid, or better yet, have someone else call while you’re treating your dog. Vomiting and Diarrhea Vomiting and diarrhea are usually signs of problems with the digestive system and could be caused by any number of things, from ingestion of spicy foods or poisons to gastrointestinal system disease, kidney or liver failure, or nervous system disorders. Dehydration from vomiting or diarrhea can be fatal. Make sure the dog has plenty of water. If your dog is vomiting with diarrhea or vomiting and has a poor appetite, call your veterinarian and be prepared to tell them about anything that could have contributed, such as access to human medications, toxins, a change in diet, and other possible causes. Seizures Whole-body seizures, called Grand Mal seizures, cause your dog’s entire body to convulse, while some seizures may be localized, such as a facial tremor, or sudden onset of rhythmic movements or actions. Stay calm and note how long the seizure lasts. To prevent your dog from hurting himself, keep them away from stairs, cushion his head, and gently hold and comfort him until he begins to regain consciousness. Call your veterinarian. Stings Bee and wasp stings can be painful and frightening for a dog. A single bee sting will produce pain, swelling, redness, and/or inflammation. If your dog is stung, carefully remove the stinger with tweezers. Apply a paste of baking soda and water and then an ice pack to relieve swelling and pain. Ask your vet about giving your dog a dose of oral antihistamine. Give him fresh water and watch him carefully. Allergic reactions usually occur within 20 minutes, but can be delayed for hours. If the sting is on the nose, mouth, or around the head, observe your dog for several hours to make sure that any swelling does not interfere with breathing or swallowing. If the swelling increases dramatically after a few minutes after the sting, see a veterinarian immediately. If your dog disturbs a hive, call them to you and put distance between your dog and the swarm immediately. Then take him to the closest veterinarian. Treatment for massive amounts of stings must occur quickly to prevent shock and circulatory collapse and to minimize damage to organ systems. Choking A dog that coughs forcefully, drools, gags, holds his mouth open or paws at his mouth may be choking. Don’t stick your fingers in his mouth because you might be bitten or push the object further in. Try to dislodge the object by thumping the dog between the shoulder blades or by applying several quick, squeezing compressions on both sides of his rib cage. Dog First Aid Kit Keeping certain items on hand in case of emergency is essential. Remember, a first aid kit is not a substitute for veterinary care. Here is a list of things to include: Bandaging materials: Think sterile pads, stretch bandages, and bandaging tape Hydrogen peroxide Cold pack Antibiotic ointment Hydrocortisone 1% Magnifying glass Small scissors Tweezers (for bee stingers and splinters) Disposable gloves Cotton balls Iodine swabs Extra leash Emergency numbers for your veterinarian and poison control Collapsible water bowl Aluminized thermal blanket Tourniquet Benadryl Ask your veterinarian to explain the proper use of these items, and in the case of any topical or oral medications, be sure to check with your vet before administering them. The post Medical Emergency Tips for Your Dog appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article
  14. Researchers have identified a shift that occurs in canine coronavirus that may provide clues as to how it transmits from animals to humans. View the source article
  15. Rss Bot

    What Is YuMOVE for Dog Joint Pain?

    Paid Advertisement Dogs experience joint pain, stiffness, and aches just like people do, and owners search for solutions to help alleviate their dogs’ pain. This discomfort can limit their mobility, prevent them from enjoying their favorite activities, and ultimately impact their quality of life. Even simple actions like jumping on the couch or walking up the stairs can become difficult for dogs with joint disease, which is often upsetting for pet owners. While any dog can experience joint pain, large- and giant-breed dogs are particularly prone to developing orthopedic disease. Most joint diseases cannot be cured, but there are several options available for management. These include surgery, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy, and supplements. Treatment will depend on what is causing your dog’s joint pain. One joint supplement that your veterinarian may suggest is YuMOVE, the official joint supplement of the American Kennel Club, but what is YuMOVE and what does it do? Common Joint Diseases in Dogs Dogs can suffer from various orthopedic diseases, with a few of them being more common than others. Osteoarthritis Also sometimes called “degenerative joint disease,” osteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage that cushions the joints begins to deteriorate. This can happen due to repetitive stress, injury, infection, genetics, or the normal aging processes. The loss of this protective cushion results in progressively worsening pain and inflammation of the joint. Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia Dysplasia of the hip or elbow joint occurs most commonly in large and giant breed dogs, though other breeds can be affected. Dysplasia is a conformation abnormality of the affected joint, resulting in decreased range of motion, lameness, and deterioration of the joint. While hip and elbow dysplasia are typically hereditary, factors such as obesity and improper nutrition can speed the progression of the disease. Osteochondritis Dissecans Osteochondritis Dissecans (OCD) is a disease of young, rapidly growing large-breed dogs. OCD occurs when the cartilage that cushions the joint becomes abnormally thickened. The abnormal cartilage is weak and easily damaged by normal activity, and can form flaps or even detach from the underlying bone entirely. This causes pain, inflammation, and lameness. Patellar Luxation Patellar luxation is the medical term for dislocation of the kneecap. This is a common condition in small-breed dogs, but can occur in large breeds as well. In mild cases, the dog may skip or hop on three legs for a few steps until the kneecap returns to its normal position. In severe cases, the dog may carry the leg permanently flexed, and this abnormal gait can also predispose them to other orthopedic problems. Treating Joint Pain in Dogs Treating orthopedic disease in dogs typically requires a multimodal approach. Depending on the type of joint disease, your veterinarian may recommend options such as: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) Changes in diet and exercise regimen Physical therapy Surgery Joint supplements A combination of all of the above What Is YuMOVE? YuMOVE is a supplement that promotes joint health in dogs and cats. According to the manufacturer, its formula is designed to support the natural inflammatory response, ease stiffness, and promote mobility. YuMOVE is composed of five key ingredients: ActivEase® green-lipped mussel (containing natural chondroitin) Glucosamine Vitamins C and E Manganese Hyaluronic acid YuMOVE joint supplements come in both tablet and soft chew form, as well as senior, young, and active formulations. Your veterinarian can help you determine which formula is best for your dog. Why Should My Dog Take Joint Supplements? Nutritional joint supplements can help manage pain, reduce inflammation, and promote joint health. Research suggests that these supplements may be as effective as NSAIDs in the management of chronic osteoarthritis. They are safe to give in conjunction with other medications such as NSAIDs, providing an excellent option for additional treatment of canine orthopedic diseases. Unlike other commonly used pain relief medications, joint supplements can also useful for the prevention of joint disease. Senior dogs can benefit from glucosamine supplementation in the same way humans do. In senior dogs, the protective layer of cartilage between bones begins to wear away, which can lead to osteoarthritis. Similarly, highly active young dogs — such as canine athletes or sporting dogs — can also benefit from supplements that promote joint health. These dogs put a great deal of strain on their joints, causing damage to the cartilage and predisposing them to joint disease. Nutritional supplementation with glucosamine helps prevent cartilage breakdown and stimulate healthy joint function. Side Effects of Joint Supplements Joint supplements like YuMOVE are safe for most dogs. According to the manufacturer, all YuMOVE products are natural, and therefore can be used in conjunction with most prescription-only medicines in consult with your veterinarian. While joint supplements are generally considered very safe for dogs, it is important to contact your veterinarian prior to starting any new medications or supplements for your dog. If you notice any changes in your pet after taking these kinds of products, such as vomiting, diarrhea, different behavior, or allergic reaction, stop giving the supplement and contact your veterinarian immediately. How Does YuMOVE Compare to Other Joint Supplements? Green-lipped mussel contains ultra-high levels of joint-soothing ingredients—most importantly, omega-3s. These compounds quickly start working to support the natural inflammatory response, as well as begin to multiply the omega-3 fatty acids naturally found within a dog’s joints. The ActivEase® green-lipped mussel used in YuMOVE’s products is sustainably sourced from select bays in New Zealand, vacuum-extracted without the use of heat processing, and rigorously tested for sufficient levels of over 40 different fatty acids. The brand uses only the top 2% of the world’s green-lipped mussel for its joint supplements. YuMOVE combines their proprietary ActivEase green-lipped mussel with other joint health support ingredients including glucosamine, hyaluronic acid, vitamins C and E, and manganese. Any of these ingredients on their own in a dog joint supplement can provide certain levels of benefit, but together they create a powerhouse of mobility support. There are many different canine joint supplements available on the market. Because every dog is different, it is best to contact your veterinarian prior to choosing a joint supplement for your dog. Your veterinarian will be able to recommend the best option based on your dog’s unique needs. This is also an excellent opportunity to discuss any other measures you can take to improve your dog’s joint health over the course of their life. How to Buy YuMOVE for Dogs YuMOVE canine joint supplements are available online directly from the YuMOVE website or through pet supply retailers like Chewy and Amazon. Consult your veterinarian about the proper YuMOVE formulation and dosage for your dog before you buy YuMOVE online. You can also visit YuMOVE.com for a trial pack. Remember that YuMOVE or any joint supplement is not a replacement for appropriate veterinary care. Dogs with joint disease often need multimodal therapy and frequent follow-up to ensure they remain comfortable and active. Your veterinarian will help you determine the best treatment plan for your dog’s individual needs. Preventing Joint Disease Preventive health care is important for all dogs, and it is especially important for large are giant breeds that are predisposed to joint disease. Regular checkups with your veterinarian will ensure that potential problems — such as obesity or an improper diet — are caught early before they contribute to the development of joint disease. Annual physical examinations also detect subtle signs of pain, stiffness, and decreased range of motion in the joints, which are often early indicators of orthopedic problems. The best way to prevent and manage joint disease at home is to ensure your dog maintains a healthy weight. According to the Tufts Clinical Nutrition Service, earlier onset of osteoarthritis is just one of several ways obesity can harm your pet’s health. If your dog is overweight, your veterinarian can help you develop a diet and exercise plan that will allow your dog to lose the excess weight safely. The post What Is YuMOVE for Dog Joint Pain? appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article
  16. Flea and tick season is here, and in some areas, it’s now a year-round concern. These pests can cause serious problems for your dog no matter what time of year. Fleas can cause severe itching and skin damage, and for every flea on your pet, there could be hundreds of eggs and larvae around your home. Ticks can hide almost anywhere, are difficult to eradicate, and can lead to Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever – both debilitating conditions. Here are four tips to help keep your dog flea and tick free: Prevention is key While prescription flea and tick preventives require a trip to your veterinarian, they often offer more convenience and peace of mind than over-the-counter options. There are many topical flea and tick prevention treatments available for your dog as well as flea collars that can be convenient since they typically last longer than topical treatment. Talk with your veterinarian to find the best option for your four-legged friend. Actively check your dog Fleas and itching seem to go hand-in-hand, but you shouldn’t wait until you see your dog scratching to check for fleas. Regularly run a flea comb through his coat and if you find your dog already has a flea and tick infestation, your first step is to eliminate the parasites from your pet. Choose a flea and tick spray to keep adult fleas and ticks off your pup or bathe your dogs with a flea and tick shampoo made to kill these critters. If your dog is outside in wooded areas, check him regularly for ticks and remove any you find right away. Visit your veterinarian immediately if you suspect your dog may have a tick-borne illness. Protect your environment, too Don’t just check your dog for fleas and ticks, treat his environment as well including your home. In fact, homes are a desirable flea habitat because the fleas are shielded from the outside elements. Also, wash your dog’s bedding and vacuum on a regular basis to reduce the number of fleas in your home. Because ticks lurk in grass or low-hanging bushes, keep your yard mowed and trimmed to keep ticks at bay. Prevention all year long Flea season can run into November or even December, and ticks can become active again as early as February. There is no clear time to start treating your dog. This is why you should consider prevention methods year-round to keep your dog safe. The post 4 Tips to Help Keep Your Dog Safe From Fleas And Ticks appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article
  17. Modern day Patagonian sheepdogs are the closest living relative to now-extinct varieties of herding dogs of Victorian era Britain, according to a new study. View the source article
  18. Rss Bot

    Do Dogs Sweat?

    As a dog owner, you may be used to seeing your canine companion pant in warm weather, but do dogs sweat? Contrary to popular belief, dogs do sweat, but sweating is only a small part of the process they use to cool themselves down. How Do Dogs Sweat? There’s a reason why you’ve never seen your dog sweat in the same way you do, and that’s because dogs only produce sweat in certain parts of their bodies. Dogs have two types of sweat glands: Merocrine glands Apocrine glands Merocrine sweat glands function similarly to human sweat glands. These glands are located in your dog’s paw pads and activate when he is hot to cool him down. This is why you might notice damp paw prints on the ground during particularly hot days. Most dogs are covered in fur, so if sweat glands were located on their bodies, the sweat would fail to evaporate – and when sweat evaporates, that’s when cooling takes place. That’s why it is much more efficient for dogs to have sweat glands in their paw pads, where there is little fur. Apocrine sweat glands are different from merocrine glands. While veterinarians consider aporcrine glands to be sweat glands, their main purpose is to release pheromones, not cool your dog off. These glands are located all over every dog’s body, and they help a dog identify other dogs by scent. ©Vera Reva - stock.adobe.com What’s the Point of Panting? Sweat plays a very small role in cooling down your dog. Dogs rely on panting to control most of their temperature regulation. When dogs pant, they evaporate moisture from their tongues, nasal passages, and the lining of their lungs, cooling themselves as air passes over the moist tissue. They also rely on vasodilation to help them cool off, which is the expansion of blood vessels, especially in their ears and face. When the blood vessels expand, they bring the hot blood closer to the surface of the skin, which allows it to cool down before returning to the heart and helps regulate an animal’s internal body temperature. Does Fur Make Dogs Hot? Your dog’s coat actually acts as an insulator. A dog’s coat captures air to keep out the cold and hold heat in during winter, and to keep your dog cooler in hot weather,” explains Dr. Jerry Klein, AKC chief veterinary officer. “This is why you should not shave a double-coated breed. The inner coat, which is shed regularly, is also the dog’s insulating coat. Shaving that coat to reduce shedding or supposedly to keep the dog cool, also eliminates that insulating layer of fur and makes the dog susceptible to heat stroke and can result in improper hair growth and the possibility of follicle damage.” Heat Stroke in Dogs Unfortunately, panting, vasodilation, and limited sweating are not as effective in cooling dogs down as sweating is for humans. This poses risks for dogs, ranging from heat stress and heat exhaustion to heat stroke. Heat stroke is a serious concern for all dogs, but Dr. Klein warns that it is especially dire for brachycephalic breeds that have a short nose and flat face, such as Pugs, Boxers, Bulldogs, Boston Terriers, and French Bulldogs. Due to their unique anatomy, these breeds are not able to cool themselves as efficiently as other breeds because of inefficient breathing and panting. Dogs that have had heat stroke before, obese dogs, and those with dark coats are also at higher risk for heat stroke. Heat stroke occurs when a dog’s body temperature rises and he overheats, and if left untreated for too long it can be fatal. Every dog owner should be aware of the signs of heat stress and heat stroke. Here are some of them: Heavy, frantic panting Dehydration Body temperature over 41° Celsius (feels warm to the touch) Excessive drooling Bright red gums Rapid or irregular heart rate Vomiting Seizures Muscle tremors Lack of coordination (ataxia) Unconsciousness If you suspect that your dog is suffering from heat stroke or heat stress, remove him from the heat and call your veterinarian immediately. You will need to take him to an animal hospital, but in the meantime, you can run cool water on him from a hose, in the bathtub, or put a soaked towel on his body. Always keep his head elevated and out of the water. Also, give him some cool water to drink. Keeping Your Dog Cool We might not be able to make our dogs sweat, but we can help them regulate their body temperature by controlling their environment. If your dog is spending time outdoors, make sure he has access to shade and plenty of clean water at all times. You may not think it’s that hot, but your dog has a fur coat and may have an energy level that keeps him chasing a ball no matter how high the temperature. Also, keep an eye on the temperature inside your house to ensure that it’s cool enough for your pets. Never leave your dog unattended in a car, even for a few minutes, as temperatures inside a vehicle can quickly climb to dangerous levels. Don’t exercise your dog when it’s too hot outside – instead do it very early in the morning or wait until the end of the day. If you’ve been out playing fetch, carry the ball back home for your pup, so he’ll be better able to pant well and cool himself off. You can also purchase a cooling vest to keep your dog comfortable for longer. By learning how dogs regulate their body temperature, you can help keep them stay cool, safe, and healthy year-round. The post Do Dogs Sweat? appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article
  19. Despite the good care, a shelter can be a stressful environment for dogs. Researchers investigated if the amount of the hormone cortisol in hair indicates the levels of stress that dogs experience before, during and after their stay in the shelter. View the source article
  20. Before you welcome a new puppy into your home, you’ll need to make sure your space is ready for them. Puppies require a lot of attention and care, so making a checklist of what you’ll need is suggested, and picking up these basics for your new puppy is a great place to start. Best Puppy Starter Kit Goody Box Puppy Toys, Treats & Potty Training Chewy This starter set of puppy and other essentials from Chewy includes six top-rated products that new puppy owners will greatly appreciate. With everything from a fun toy that’s perfect for teething to potty training necessities, this makes a great gift. The box has a perfect five-star rating, and reviewers rave that their pups enjoyed the treats and toys. Price: $25 Best Food & Water Bowls for Puppies Neater Feeder Deluxe Elevated & Mess-Proof Dog Bowls Chewy For a dinner time that’s mess-free, consider Neater’s elevated feeding set. It comes with two stainless steel bowls for water and feeding, and it is lifted slightly for easier eating and less mess. Plus, raised walls and drainage holes mean your floors stay clean. Customers reported these secure bowls don’t spill, but they may be on the smaller side for big pups. Price: $45 Best Elevated Puppy Bed K&H Pet Products Original Pet Cot Elevated Pet Bed Chewy An elevated bed is good for keeping your pup lifted and is helpful for teaching different cues. This one from K&H Pet Products has a removable, washable cover, and is waterproof. Depending on the size you choose, it can hold up to 200 pounds and last well beyond the puppy stage. Reviewers praised this bed and highlighted its ability to stand up to strong puppy chewers. Price: $38 Best Soft Puppy Bed Best Friends by Sheri Calming Shag Vegan Fur Donut Cuddler Your puppy will sink into this adorable donut bed. The oval size makes it easy for pups to curl up, while the bumpers around the outside provide head support. The Best Friends bed is made with soft faux shag fur and is safe for washers and dryers. Pups love cuddling in this soft bed, but some consumers warn of wear and tear after repeated use. Price: $35 Best Crate for Puppies Pet Gear The Other Door Double Door Collapsible Wire Dog Crate Chewy This Pet Great Wire Dog Crate comes in small and large sizes, which is great since crates have to be replaced as dogs grow. The crate a large side “garage” door for easy access and a makes for a comfortable place to snooze. Shoppers praised this easy-to-assemble crate, though some wished the door moved a little more smoothly. Price: $136 Best Puppy Training Leash PetSafe Cotton Dog Training Lead Chewy Designed for medium and large dogs, this nylon training leash is 15 feet long and perfect for distance training and walks in the backyard and park. A nickel-plated clip will resist twisting when attached to a collar. Reviewers rave that this leash worked well during training, especially for heavier and larger dogs. Price: $13 Best Toothbrush and Toothpaste for Puppies Nylabone Advanced Oral Care Finger Brush Dog Toothbrush Chewy Oral health is essential to a new puppy, but getting a toothbrush into their mouths might be a little challenging. These finger brushes are a little less overwhelming and can even soothe your dog’s mouth in the process. Reviewers love how quick and easy it is to use with dental gel. Price: $4 Best Puppy Training Pads Kocho Potty Pads Kocho’s absorbent training pads are necessary for avoiding accidents. They are thicker than normal pads with four layers of activated carbon that absorb odors and liquids and quickly dry. Puppy potty pads are a bit like diapers for your dog, and cutting corners on quality is not suggested. Price: $44 Best Treats Cloud Star Tricky Trainers Chewy Treats These treats are the perfect motivation for puppies during training, and with no wheat, corn, dairy, or soy, they’re a healthy choice too. These chicken liver treats are made in the USA with no artificial colors or flavors, and only have three calories per treat. Pup owners indicate that these soft, crumbly treats are puppy pleasers, and well worth the price. Price: $12 Best Puppy Collar Blueberry Pet Soft and Comfy Reflective Collar Your new puppy will need a soft, adjustable collar. This cushioned collar has buckles made out of eco-friendly plastic and 3M reflective threads sewn into it to provide visibility. Reviewers enjoy the sturdy Blueberry collar for its reflectivity, safety, and style. Price: $17 Best Puppy Nail Trimmer Boshel Dog Nail Clippers A good-quality nail trimmer is essential, so choose one that’s been recommended by animal trainers and veterinarians. It has a safety guard so you don’t cut too deep and non-slip ergonomic handles. The Boshel trimmer works well on thick nails, however, some customers say they were a bit too dull for their particular pup. Price: $15 Best Puppy Brush Vetnique Labs Furbliss Pet Brush Chewy This soft, rubber bristle brush is appropriate for both massages and baths. Your puppy will look and feel great with a brushed coat and improved blood circulation. The Furbliss brush is also easy-to-clean as it rinses with water. Individuals appreciate that the brush works well both wet and dry, and is gentler than metal bristles. Price: $13 Best Puppy Shampoo Burt’s Bees Tearless Puppy Shampoo Chewy Help your puppy enjoy bath time with this gentle puppy shampoo. Burt Bee’s tearless and calming shampoo is made in the USA with soothing buttermilk. Reviewers highly recommend this shampoo, stating that it leaves fur soft and smelling fantastic. Price: $12 Best Puppy Gate Carlson Pet Products Tuffy Expandable Gate with Pet Door Chewy Keep your puppy safely contained with this gate that conveniently has a small eight-by-eight-inch pet door. No tools are needed to install this extendable gate. It’s made out of non-toxic materials and has a safety lock. The well-constructed Carlson gate garners good reviews, though some had to make adjustments to the pet door to make it work. Price: $39 The post New Puppy Checklist: Gear You’ll Need for Your New Dog appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article
  21. A survey of veterinarians in the U.S. and Canada highlights mounting cases of cannabis poisoning among pets and sheds new light on symptoms, treatments, and outcomes. View the source article
  22. A survey study of the guardians of more than 2,500 dogs explored links between dog diet and health outcomes, suggesting that nutritionally sound vegan diets may be healthier and less hazardous than conventional or raw meat-based diets. View the source article
  23. Rss Bot

    Can Dogs Cry? Do Dogs Cry Tears?

    You know that your dog feels emotions; he’s a sensitive animal, prone to joy, fear, sadness, and a range of other emotions. And of course, like most mammals, dogs have tear ducts. So, is there a connection between a dog’s brain and his tear ducts? No. While canines express needs and wants vocally, there is no scientific evidence proving that dogs, or any other animals, in fact, actually produce tears as a response to what they’re feeling. We seem to be the only species capable of breaking into emotional tears. What we do know is that dogs can have empathic, compassionate responses when we find ourselves wiping tears away and snuffling into a tissue. An interesting study shows that comforting may be hardwired into dogs. Certainly, dogs use a number of vocalizations to express themselves. Puppies learn to whine or whimper to get their mother’s attention. This behavior often carries into adulthood. Your dog may let you know he needs something—food, water, a potty break, or just a friendly pat—by “crying.” We’ve all fallen for the sad gaze and heartbreaking whimper. But, if your dog’s eyes are tearing or you see traces of fluid, something else could be going on. Tear ducts keep the eyes clean and functioning correctly. Unlike in humans, however, the liquid drains back toward the throat and nose. cunfek/Getty Images Plus Reasons For Dog Tears So, what does it mean if your dog seems to be crying? He may have allergies. If he has a sensitive or allergic reaction to something—pollen, food ingredients, smoke, dander, or dust, for example—his eyes may water. He might have a blocked tear duct, which causes your dog’s eyes to be damp and possibly irritated. Wet eyes can also be caused by infection. If the fluid is yellow or bloody, this could be a symptom of an eye infection. Other symptoms include irritated or swollen eyes. There could be a speck of dirt in his eye. The tears in this case should be temporary. If not, please consult your vet. He may have a scratched cornea, which is more common in active dogs. His eyes may not only tear, but he might paw at his eye, blink more than usual, or have inflammation around the eye. There are many different causes for excessive watering of the eyes in dogs, so it’s imperative to consult your veterinarian for an official diagnosis. If by crying we mean whimpering, howling, mewling or whining, then yes, dogs most certainly do cry. But only in humans are tears mysteriously connected to our hearts and brains. The post Can Dogs Cry? Do Dogs Cry Tears? appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article
  24. Melatonin, a naturally occurring neurohormone, has long been thought to work as a sleeping aid in humans. Now there’s some evidence it may be useful for several canine conditions. Its sedative properties have been helpful in treating separation anxiety in dogs, as well as stress from noise like fireworks, thunderstorms or other noise phobias. According to Linda Aronson, DVM, who published a study in the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, she has seen successful results in about 80 percent of canine patients treated with melatonin. Other evidence suggests that melatonin for dogs successfully treats some forms of hair loss (canine alopecia). Rob Thorley/Shutterstock Is Melatonin Safe for My Dog? While some pet owners like the natural properties of melatonin as opposed to chemical medications, you should talk to your veterinarian before deciding on a melatonin regimen. There has not been much study of its side effects and safety, nor has it been approved by the FDA for use in animals. There are several melatonin products on the market made specifically for dogs, including melatonin chews which double as calming treats. Side effects of melatonin in dogs, although rare, include: Changes in fertility Gastric upset and stomach cramps Increased heart rate Itching Confusion However, if you and your vet determine that melatonin is a good option for your dog, you may find it treats a range of anxieties and phobias, as well as sleep problems. How Much Melatonin Should I Give My Dog? Even though melatonin is available over the counter, you should always confer with your veterinarian to determine the correct dosage. They may want you to use a specific prescription. None of us like to see our canine pal suffer from having stress, fear, or anxiety. If you and your vet decide melatonin is worth a try, it may be just the thing to calm your dog and ease their fears. The post Melatonin for Dogs: Uses, Benefits and Dosage appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article
  25. Diabetes is a chronic disease that can affect dogs and cats and other animals (including apes, pigs, and horses) as well as humans. Although diabetes can’t be cured, it can be managed very successfully. Diabetes mellitus, or “sugar diabetes,” is the type of diabetes seen most often in dogs. It is a metabolism disorder. Metabolism refers to how the body converts food to energy. To understand what diabetes is, it helps to understand some of this process. The Glucose–Insulin Connection The conversion of food nutrients into energy to power the body’s cells involves an ongoing interplay of two things: Glucose: essential fuel for the body’s cells. When food is digested, the body breaks down some of the nutrients into glucose, a type of sugar that is a vital source of energy for certain body cells and organs. The glucose is absorbed from the intestines into the blood, which then transports the glucose throughout the body. Insulin: in charge of fuel delivery. Meanwhile, an important organ next to the stomach called the pancreas releases the hormone insulin into the body. Insulin acts as a “gatekeeper” that tells cells to grab glucose and other nutrients out of the bloodstream and use them as fuel. What Is Diabetes? With diabetes, the glucose-insulin connection isn’t working as it should. Diabetes occurs in dogs in two forms: Insulin-deficiency diabetes: This is when the dog’s body isn’t producing enough insulin. This happens when the pancreas is damaged or otherwise not functioning properly. Dogs with this type of diabetes need daily shots to replace the missing insulin. This is the most common type of diabetes in dogs. Insulin-resistance diabetes: This is when the pancreas is producing some insulin, but the dog’s body isn’t utilizing the insulin as it should. The cells aren’t responding to the insulin’s “message,” so glucose isn’t being pulled out of the blood and into the cells. This type of diabetes can especially occur in older, obese dogs. Female dogs can also develop temporary insulin resistance while in heat or pregnant. Damage Caused by Diabetes: A Double Whammy Whatever the type of diabetes, the negative effects on the body are the same. Excessive sugar builds up in the dog’s bloodstream, and yet the body’s cells that need that sugar can’t access it. So the “bad” effects that diabetes causes in the dog’s body are twofold: Cells are starved for vital “fuel.” Muscle cells and certain organ cells are deprived of the glucose “fuel” they need for energy. In response, the body starts breaking down its own fats and proteins to use as alternative fuel. High sugar level in the bloodstream damages many organs. Without insulin to help convert the glucose in the bloodstream into fuel, high levels of glucose build up in the blood. Unfortunately, this abnormal blood chemistry acts like a sort of poison and eventually causes multi-organ damage. This often includes damage to the kidneys, eyes, heart, blood vessels, or nerves. Daniela Duncan/Moment What Are the Symptoms of Diabetes in Dogs? Early signs. The owner will sometimes notice certain symptoms that can be early signs of diabetes: Excessive thirst. The dog may drink frequently and empty the water bowl more often. Increased urination. The dog may ask to go outside frequently and may start having “accidents” in the house. Increased urination (and increased thirst) happens because the body is trying to get rid of excess sugar by sending it out through urine, along with water that bonds to the sugar. Weight loss. The dog can lose weight despite eating normal portions. This is because the dog isn’t efficiently converting nutrients from its food. Increased appetite. The dog can be very hungry all the time because the body’s cells aren’t getting all the glucose they need, even though the dog is eating a normal amount. Advanced signs. In more advanced cases of diabetes, symptoms can become more pronounced and can include: Loss of appetite Lack of energy Depressed attitude Vomiting Threats to health. Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to devastating effects on the dog’s body, which is why early detection and proper treatment are crucial. Effects of diabetes on the dog’s health can include: Cataracts (leading to blindness) Enlarged liver Urinary tract infections Seizures Kidney failure Ketoacidosis, a potentially life-threatening acute condition that can be accompanied by rapid breathing, dehydration, lethargy, vomiting, or sweet-smelling breath; can be triggered by factors such as stress, surgery, fasting, infection, or an underlying health condition combined with low insulin level. Owners of diabetic animals should always have on hand ketone testing sticks and should test their dog’s urine if any of the above occurs. If the dog’s urine tests positive for ketones, an emergency vet should be called immediately. Diagnosis Your veterinarian can do simple tests to check for diabetes, including testing for excessive glucose (sugar) in the blood and urine. Blood tests can also show other indications of diabetes, such as high liver enzymes and electrolyte imbalances. The sooner diabetes is diagnosed and treatment begun, the better chance the pet has of a normal life. pololia / stock.adobe.com What Can Make a Dog at Risk for Diabetes? Age. While diabetes can occur at any age, it mostly occurs in middle-aged to senior dogs. Most dogs who develop it are age 5 or older when diagnosed. Sex. Unspayed female dogs are twice as likely as male dogs to have diabetes. Chronic or repeated pancreatitis. Chronic or repeated pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) can eventually cause extensive damage to that organ, resulting in diabetes. Obesity. Obesity contributes to insulin resistance and is a risk factor for pancreatitis, which can lead to diabetes. Steroid medications. These can cause diabetes when used long-term. Cushing’s disease. With Cushing’s disease, the body overproduces steroids internally, so this condition also can cause diabetes. Other health conditions. Some autoimmune disorders and viral diseases are also thought to possibly trigger diabetes. Genetics. Diabetes can occur in any breed or mixed-breed, and it seems genetics can play a role in either increased or reduced risk. A 2003 study found that overall, mixed-breeds are no less prone to diabetes than are purebreds. Among purebreds, breeds vary in susceptibility, some with very low risk and others with higher risk. Some that may be at higher risk include miniature Poodles, Bichons Frises, Pugs, Dachshunds, Miniature Schnauzers, Puli, Samoyeds, Keeshonds, Australian Terriers, Fox Terriers, Cairn Terriers, and Beagles. Treatment of Diabetes in Dogs Diet. Your veterinarian will recommend the best type of diet for your diabetic dog. Usually this will include some good-quality protein, as well as fiber and complex carbohydrates that will help to slow absorption of glucose. Your vet may also recommend a diet with relatively low-fat content. Exercise. To help avoid sudden spikes or drops in glucose levels, it is especially important that diabetic dogs maintain a moderate but consistent exercise routine. Injections. Most diabetic dogs will require daily shots of insulin under the skin, something that the owner will have to learn to do. Although it’s understandable to be apprehensive about doing this, it’s not as hard as it might sound. It can become a quick and easy daily routine that isn’t traumatic at all for either dog or owner. Monitoring and Managing Your Dog’s Diabetes Although some cases may be more challenging, canine diabetes can be usually managed successfully without complications. From giving injections to monitoring glucose levels daily, you will play the primary role in your dog’s care, and your commitment to keeping up with his daily shots and monitoring is extremely important. Your veterinarian will work with you to determine the best management plan for your dog. At the start of treatment this may involve frequent visits to the clinic for testing and medication adjustments, but hopefully the right combination of medication, dosage, diet, and home monitoring will soon be arrived at that will enable you to keep your dog’s blood sugar consistently regulated and help him live a full, happy life. Your dog’s diabetes management plan provided by your veterinarian will probably include information about: insulin medication for your dog and how to give the injections diet and exercise recommendations a daily glucose-monitoring system that will work best for your dog any warning signs to watch out for If your pet is diagnosed with diabetes, don’t panic. With good veterinary support, you should be able to provide the right care for your pet and ensure you both many more happy years together. Note: The information above is designed to help inform you about canine diabetes and is not meant to take the place of a veterinary diagnosis. If you have questions or concerns about your dog’s health or possible symptoms, be sure to contact and consult with your veterinarian right away. The post Diabetes in Dogs: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatment appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article


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