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  1. Rss Bot

    6 Tips for Giving Your Dog Pills

    A spoonful of sugar might help our medicine go down, but dogs typically pose a bit more of a challenge. While some canine companions dutifully eat their pills with dinner, most tend to need a little encouragement. These tips for giving your dog a pill will make the process more pleasant for everyone involved. Pill Pockets Not all medication can be given with food. But if it can, putting the pill in a pill pocket or wrapping it in a piece of cheese makes it easy to slip into your dog’s system. Keep in mind that this approach works best for dogs that wolf down treats without chewing. Dogs that chew soft treats may bite into the unpleasant-tasting medicine, making them harder to trick next time. It should be noted that dogs with food sensitivities or allergies might have issues with the ingredients in pill pockets, so consult your veterinarian if your canine companion has had problems with food in the past. Compounded and Liquid Medications Sometimes you can opt for a flavored compounded medication or a chewable “treat” tablet. This works well for dogs that don’t like to swallow their pills. However, these medications can be more expensive — depending on the drug — and your veterinarian may caution against compounding certain drugs because it could impact their effectiveness. Also, medications are not always compounded at every pharmacy. Ask your veterinarian to guide you to pharmacies that are noted for compounding medications. Pill Device Administering pills to your dog can pose certain risks. For instance, in order to get the pill far enough back on your dog’s tongue for him to swallow, you need to put your fingers in his mouth. This can lead to accidental bites. Pill devices place the medication in your dog’s mouth, so that you don’t have to expose your fingers to danger. A dog’s tongue has a hump, and in order to succeed in getting him to swallow the pill, you need to place it behind the hump. Once you’ve done that, close his jaws and gently stroke his throat in a downward motion to encourage him to swallow the pill. Get Help Restraining a dog while also trying to give him medication is difficult. If possible, ask a friend or family member to hold your dog for you, so that you can concentrate fully on the task at hand. Reward Your Dog The last thing you want is to make this process stressful. Reward your dog with a small treat after every pill, and do your best to keep both of you calm, no matter how frustrated you get. Ask Your Veterinarian for a Demonstration Successful administration of pills is an art form. When in doubt, request a demonstration on proper technique from your veterinarian. The post 6 Tips for Giving Your Dog Pills appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article
  2. When wildfires ravage an area, both humans and pets are at risk of being displaced and inhaling dangerous amounts of smoke. Remember — if you feel the effects of smoke, your pets probably do, too. And if you ever have to evacuate your home, your pets should always go with you. If you’re in an area impacted by wildfires or smoke, don’t panic. Here’s how to prepare for an emergency, protect your pup from dangerous air quality, and evacuate safely. What To Do With Your Pets When the Air Is Smoky During wildfires, the air quality is often dangerous and hazardous to breathe. Some studies estimate that breathing the smoke-filled air is equivalent to smoking more than eight cigarettes a day — and that’s for a human! Brachycephalic breeds (such as Pugs and Bulldogs), puppies, and senior dogs may be especially at risk of inhaling too much smoke. Here’s what to do if you experience poor air quality due to smoke: Keep your pets inside as much as possible, with your windows shut If your dog needs to go to the bathroom, only let them out for short periods of time Avoid long walks and activities outdoors Watch for signs of smoke inhalation (see below) There are many ways to keep your pets busy and active while indoors! Signs Your Pet May Have Inhaled Too Much Smoke Call your veterinarian right away if your dog exhibits any of the following symptoms: Coughing Trouble breathing Wheezing or loud breathing Fatigue or disorientation Reduced appetite Reduced thirst Red eyes, excessive tearing or blinking, or pawing at eyes (indicate cornea trauma) Do Facemasks Protect Dogs Against Smoke? While most people have gotten used to wearing facemasks to combat COVID-19, they can also be a tool for protecting humans against poor air quality. However, no evidence has been seen that masks protect against carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and cyanide, which are some of the most dangerous aspects of smoke inhalation. Not enough research has been done to support any effectiveness on masks to protect animals. The best plan is to keep both you and your animals indoors as much as possible. Preparing Your Pets For Fire Evacuation It’s important to remember that your pets are a part of your family, so if you have to evacuate, your animals should go with you. This is why you should have an evacuation plan ready before you even think you may need it. Make sure your dog is microchipped. A microchip allows veterinarians and shelter workers to scan your pet and access your contact information. It could be essential to being reunited with your dog if you get separated. Keep your dog’s microchip registration up to date with your most recent phone number and address. But don’t forget the low-tech option too. Your dog should be wearing a collar with up-to-date identification tags. Finally, have copies of all your dog’s important documents. Consider including: Vaccination certificates and most recent heartworm test results. Information about any health concerns, medications, or behavior problems. Contact information for your veterinarian. Identification information including proof of ownership and a current photo of you with your dog in case your dog gets lost. Pack a Fire Evacuation Kit A pet disaster preparedness kit should include everything your dog will need in an emergency evacuation. Consider your dog’s basic needs, safety, and any medical issues. Keep it in an easy-to-carry waterproof container and store it where you can easily get to it. Your dog’s go-bag should include items such as: Bottled drinking water (during an emergency, tap water can be contaminated). Food in waterproof containers or cans. (Choose pop-top tins or pack a can opener.) Bring enough for at least two weeks. Food and water bowls. Prescription medications and other required health supplies such as tick medication and heartworm preventative. A dog first aid kit. Poop bags and other clean-up supplies. Familiar items like toys, bedding, and blankets to comfort your dog. Stress-relieving items like an anxiety vest or calming sprays if your dog is prone to anxiety. How to Evacuate With a Dog Always bring your pets with you when evacuating your home. Pack your pet’s emergency kit and documents and make sure you have a pet-friendly place to stay. Whether you’re staying with family, at a shelter, or a pet-friendly hotel, there are several options for traveling with your pets. In the unfortunate event that you are separated from your pet or lose your pet, contact AKC Reunite. Above all, stay vigilant, stay indoors if you can, and call your veterinarian if you notice any changes in your dog. The post How Do Wildfires and Smoke Affect Dogs? appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article
  3. So, your dog just had an encounter with a skunk and got sprayed for his troubles. Although your first instinct may be to let him in the house to wash him off, don’t. Keep him outside. The skunk oil on his coat lingers in the air until he’s clean, and we all know how noxious that smell is. What is skunk spray? The spray is produced by the anal glands of the skunk to defend against predators and contains sulfurous chemicals called thiols. Since skunks can spray this liquid as far as 15 feet, it’s common for dogs to get a blast directly in the face. Follow These Steps if Your Dog Gets Sprayed by a Skunk 1. Check your dog’s eyes If they’re red or irritated, flush them immediately with cool water. There are also veterinary eyewash products that are safe for dogs, and if you live in an area where skunks are common, it may be a good idea to keep some on hand. <?php $js_path = 'assets/js/realtor-in-content.js'; wp_enqueue_script( 'realtor-in-content', get_template_directory_uri() . $js_path, [ 'main', 'jquery' ], \AKC\Release::version(get_template_directory() . $js_path), true ); ?> In Partnership with Find Your Perfect Home Places Buy Rent Search Now *Dog friendly rental filter applied to results 2. Remove the oil from his coat as quickly as possible So, now it’s bath time, either outdoors or in a separate space like a garage or barn. The most common household remedy to get rid of skunk odor used to be a tomato juice bath, although it had limited success. Today, there are effective products on the market, as well as a simple DIY remedy you can make with products commonly at hand: 3. Best way to get rid of skunk smell: 1 quart of 3% hydrogen peroxide solution (found at any pharmacy or supermarket) 1/4 cup of baking soda 1 teaspoon of liquid dishwashing soap Wearing rubber gloves, work the solution into your dog’s coat, washing him thoroughly. Don’t leave the solution on his fur for too long since peroxide can bleach his fur. Then rinse completely. You might have to repeat the process more than once. If you don’t have these ingredients on hand, the next best option is one of the old-time remedies, like vinegar diluted with water. While not as effective, it may still help clean your dog and get rid of the smell. 4. Shampoo your dog Use a regular dog shampoo to remove any residual solution and to leave your dog smelling clean. 5. Towel dry Let him finish drying in a warm sunny room. 6. Wash your clothes If any of the skunk smell gets on you during the bathing process, wash your clothes in regular laundry detergent and 1/2 cup of baking soda. A Few Caveats Use the mixture described above immediately after mixing and do not store it. It can explode if kept in a closed container. Be careful not to get the solution in your dog’s eyes. Don’t leave the mixture on your dog’s coat for too long. Peroxide may bleach your dog’s fur. Don’t use a hydrogen peroxide solution stronger than 3%, it can irritate your dog’s skin It may be impossible to get rid of the odor completely, especially if your dog is sprayed in the face. Short of somehow training your dog to stay at least 15 feet away from skunks, your best bet is to have these ingredients on hand. Or you can buy one of several commercial products available, like a skunk odor-removing shampoo or skunk odor-eliminating spray, and hope you never have to use it. The post What to Do When Your Dog Gets Sprayed by a Skunk appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article
  4. Forensics specialists can use a commercial assay targeting mitochondrial DNA to accurately discriminate between wolf, coyote and dog species. The genetic information could aid authorities in prosecuting hunting jurisdiction violations and preserving protected species.http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/sciencedaily/plants_animals/dogs/~4/VMwdFBWLL40View the source article
  5. So, you want a dog but you seem to have an allergy attack whenever you’re around one? You’re not alone! According to the American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology, as much as 10% of the population in the U.S. is allergic to dogs, causing many prospective owners to wonder: which dogs are hypoallergenic? While no dog is 100% hypoallergenic, it’s possible to find less-allergenic dog breeds that are better suited for allergy-sufferers. These dogs have a predictable, non-shedding coat that produces less dander. Dander, which clings to pet hair, is what causes most pet allergies in people. Even though dogs that are hypoallergenic don’t truly exist, many breeds make it possible to enjoy the companionship of a dog, even if you suffer from allergies. There are also ways to prepare your home to help keep allergens at bay when you have a dog. Be sure to wash your pet’s bed often, keep up with his grooming, and don’t let him sleep on your bed. It’s also helpful to remove heavy carpets and drapes that can trap dander. Vacuum cleaners for pet hair also help remove allergens, and some can even groom the hair and dander right from your dog. Best Breeds for People With Allergies Afghan Hound Afghan Hounds are known for being aloof and dignified. They require regular exercise and grooming. They should be bathed and brushed twice a week. American Hairless Terrier The American Hairless Terrier is a lively, friendly, and intelligent companion. The breed does well with children and is also good for city dwellers due to their minimal exercise needs — regular walks and indoor playtime will do. They also need regular bathing and nail trimming. Bedlington Terrier The gentle, loveable Bedlington Terrier is known for its curly, wooly coat that resembles a lamb’s. The breed doesn’t need intense exercise — regular playtime and daily walks will do. Bichon Frise The Bichon Frise is a naturally gentle, happy, playful dog that loves activity. The Bichon’s hair continually grows and doesn’t shed, so regular grooming is important to prevent mats. Chinese Crested The Chinese Crested is an alert, playful dog that thrives on human companionship. They are small and do well in families with gentle children. Cresteds shed little to no hair. Coton de Tulear The Coton de Tulear is a small, hardy dog that is happy, eager to please, and loyal. The breed gets along well with other dogs and children. Their long coat requires daily grooming. Giant Schnauzer The Giant Schnauzer is intelligent and can be territorial, naturally feeling protective of its family. The breed needs a lot of exercise and loves having a job to do. They require regular grooming. Irish Water Spaniel This strong, intelligent breed is the clown of the spaniel family. Irish Water Spaniels are active and energetic, needing daily exercise. Their water-repellant double coat requires brushing every few weeks. Kerry Blue Terrier The Kerry Blue Terrier is energetic and fun-loving. The breed enjoys being part of an active family that can provide daily exercise. Their coats need regular brushing and trimming. Lagotto Romagnolo The Lagotto Romagnolo is a happy dog with tons of energy, needing plenty of activity. They are affectionate and devoted to their owners. Their thick curly coat is similar to that of a Poodle. They require trimming and regular brushing to prevent mats. Maltese Though small, the Maltese is known for being brave, playful, and fearless. They have long, silky white hair that needs to be brushed daily to prevent mats. Miniature Schnauzer The Miniature Schnauzer has a natural protective nature that makes it a great watchdog. The breed is smart and cheerful, and adapts well to different living environments. Their double coat requires clipping. Peruvian Inca Orchid (Hairless) The Peruvian Inca Orchid can be hairless or coated — the hairless variety does well with allergy sufferers. They also come in three different sizes small, medium, and large. The breed is loyal and protective of its family. They also have a great deal of energy, needing regular activity. They have minimal grooming needs. Poodle The Poodle comes in three size varieties — Standard, Miniature, and Toy. The breed is exceptionally smart and active, needing daily exercise. Their trademark coat requires regular professional grooming. Portuguese Water Dog An athletic breed, the Portuguese Water Dog needs vigorous daily exercise and would do best with a very active family. PWDs are intelligent, loyal workers. Their waterproof coat requires regular maintenance. Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier This happy dog is active and needs plenty of exercise daily. The breed adapts well to city, country, or suburban living, and does well with children. They have a silky, soft coat that needs regular grooming to prevent mats. Spanish Water Dog The Spanish Water Dog is a lively, hardworking dog with natural protective instincts. They are a high energy breed that does best with an active family. They require little grooming for their curly, wooly coat. No brushing is needed, but at least once a year they should be shaved down. Standard Schnauzer The Standard Schnauzer is a sociable, affectionate breed that has a fondness for kids. They are athletic dogs that need daily exercise. Their beard and leg hair should be brushed often to prevent mats. Xoloitzcuintli The Xoloitzcuintli comes in three sizes — toy, miniature, and standard. They also come in two varieties — hairless and coated. The hairless has a smooth, tough, protective skin and the coated has a short, flat coat. They’re calm, tranquil, and attentive, and can also be aloof. They have moderate exercise and grooming needs. The post Hypoallergenic Dog Breeds: Best Breeds for People With Allergies appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article
  6. Do you or a member of your family suffer from allergies when around dogs? Perhaps you sneeze, get itchy or watery eyes, hives on your skin, or even more serious respiratory issues. If you are a dog lover, you may have avoided owning one because of this problem, especially if the allergy symptoms are extreme. In recent years, several breeds have gained the “hypoallergenic” label. Given that up to 20% of western country populations are allergic to dogs, it’s no surprise that this label has grown in popularity. But, if you have been pinning all your hopes on one of these dogs being the perfect solution, don’t get too excited—this term is not as accurate as it sounds. True Hypoallergenic Dog Breed Don’t Exist Although some individual dogs may indeed elicit fewer allergy symptoms than others, studies suggest that there is no specific breed that is truly hypoallergenic. Dr. Tania Elliott is an allergist and a spokesperson for the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. She explains that “somewhere along the line, the fact that a dog didn’t shed became synonymous with the word hypoallergenic. While some people can be allergic to dog hair, others may be allergic to the dander (skin cells) and even their saliva.” In 2011 the American Journal of Rhinology and Allergy published a study that found no major differences in the levels of the primary dog allergen, Canis familiaris (Can f 1), in homes with dogs labelled as hypoallergenic compared with those that weren’t. While the study authors state that there is a need for more research to confirm these findings, the results threw a wrench in most allergy sufferers’ plans. The results of a further study in 2012 actually found low-shedding Poodles had some of the highest levels of Can f 1 present in their coat samples. Surprisingly, Labradors Retrievers, often regarded as a breed more likely to trigger allergies because of their excessive shedding, had significantly lower allergen levels. This study also found no major difference in the amount of Can f 1 found in the air of homes with “hypoallergenic” and other dog breeds. Poodles come in three size varieties: Standard, Miniature, and Toy. These Miniature Poodles are sporting one of a variety of haircuts a poodle can be styled in. Dog Breeds Commonly Mislabelled as Hypoallergenic While no dog is 100% hypoallergenic, it’s possible to find less-allergenic dog breeds that are better suited for allergy-sufferers. Some popular breeds frequently referred to as hypoallergenic include Poodles, Yorkshire Terriers, Bichon Frise, Maltese, and Schnauzers—all low, no-shedding or hairless dogs. Unlike Labs or Huskies, for example, these dogs do not molt excessively. While these breeds are typically better for allergy sufferers, and can help minimize the amount of vacuuming and clothes brushing you may have to do, there are no guarantees they will result in fewer allergy symptoms in all people. There may be less hair, but you can’t avoid their dander and saliva! What Can You Do to Help Cope if You Are Allergic to Your Dog? For some allergy sufferers, their reaction to the Can f 1 allergen is too severe to consider owning a dog. For others, their desire to share their home with a furry friend could become a reality. You may hear other dog owners referring to how they have built up a tolerance to the allergens. However, as Dr. Elliott says, “many people who report “tolerance” have mainly learned a new normal of everyday congestion and rhinitis.” Encouragingly, though, allergen immunotherapy shots are an option for building up true tolerance against allergens. “By giving you very low levels of what you are allergic to and building up tolerance over time—you essentially train your system to no longer be allergic,” she explains. Good housekeeping habits can also help to keep allergies at bay. Some of these include keeping your pet out of your bedroom, using a HEPA air filter appropriate for the size of the room, and regular vacuuming. Dr. Elliott even suggests wearing a mask while interacting with your pet, and this could also be a good option when vacuuming. It is also possible to get a vacuum cleaner with a certified asthma and allergy-friendly filter. It is worth noting that in the 2012 study mentioned above, homes with carpets had higher levels of the Can f 1 allergen present than those with hardwood floors. If you prefer to keep carpets in your home, opt for one with a low pile and regularly steam clean it. One suggestion for allergy-sufferers looking for a new pet is to spend 15-20 minutes with a breed to see what level of reaction they produce. While someone might have a great reaction to, say, a Schnauzer, their reaction might be less with an American Hairless Terrier or even a Portuguese Water Dog. Allergy sufferers will also be better off with a purebred dog than a mixed-breed dog. Mixed-breed dogs or dogs mixed with Poodles have unpredictable genes and do not result in non-shedding dogs. Some people opt to bathe their dogs more regularly. However, this might not reduce the symptoms, and over frequent bathing could strip the coat of its valuable oils. The post Does a Completely Hypoallergenic Dog Exist? appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article
  7. You’re walking your dog through the neighborhood, and he’s suddenly chewing away on a piece of gum like a teenager. Oh well. No worries, right? Wrong! Most dog owners are aware of how dangerous chocolate can be to our dogs. But you may not know that sugar-free gum, which contains xylitol, is just as dangerous. What Is Xylitol? Xylitol is a low-calorie sugar substitute used to improve the taste of products that don’t contain sugar. You can find it in gum and candy, peanut butter, and sugar-free baked goods. You may be surprised to find out that other products that sometimes contain xylitol include chewable vitamins, dental products, nasal sprays, sunscreen, deodorant, make-up and hair products, some human medications, and even baby wipes. “Xylitol produces a nice cooling sensation, so it can be really soothing on the skin,” Dr. Ahna Brutlag, DVM, MS, DABT, DABVT and the Pet Poison Helpline’s director of veterinary services and senior veterinary toxicologist reported to the American Animal Hospital Association. “It’s also a humectant, which means it can help maintain moisture in a product like baby wipes.” According to the Pet Poison Hotline, xylitol pet poisonings have more than doubled in the last 5 years as we’re seeing a substantial increase in the number of products that use xylitol. In 2020, the number of calls to the helpline concerning xylitol poisoning was second only to chocolate poisoning calls. What’s the Danger? Typically, the dose of xylitol needed to cause poisoning is at least 0.05 grams per pound of body weight (0.1 grams per kilogram of body weight). Chewing gum and breath mints contain 0.22-1.0 gram of xylitol per piece of gum or per mint. Thus, to achieve a potentially toxic dose, a 10-pound dog would only have to eat one piece of gum. Xylitol toxicosis occurs in dogs after ingestion of xylitol or xylitol-containing products, according to the Merck Veterinary Manual. Profound hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) is the most common clinical effect, which may result in vomiting, weakness, depression, hypokalemia (extremely low potassium levels), seizures, and/or coma. Some dogs have developed severe liver damage after xylitol ingestion. Signs of poisoning can develop in as little as 30 minutes to one hour. Dogs are the only domestic species where a toxic reaction to xylitol has been seen. Why is xylitol so toxic to dogs? The reason, according to Merck, is that ingestion causes a massive insulin release. The most common effect of xylitol poisoning in dogs is a precipitous drop in blood sugar, which can lead to loss of consciousness and seizures. Symptoms of hypoglycemia or low blood sugar in dogs include: Weakness, Stumbling Tremors Collapse Seizures Coma Treatment for Xylitol Poisoning If you suspect that your dog may have consumed sugar-free gum or any other product containing xylitol, immediately call your vet or the Pet Poison Helpline (800-213-6680). Do not induce vomiting or give anything orally to your dog unless specifically directed to do so by your veterinarian. It is important to get treatment for your dog as quickly as possible. If a dog is already exhibiting signs of hypoglycemia, inducing vomiting could make them worse. According to the Merck Veterinary Manual, the prognosis for uncomplicated hypoglycemia is good, if prompt treatment is obtained. Mild increases in liver enzyme levels usually resolve within a few days. However, xylitol poisoning can be fatal without early veterinary intervention. At this time, there is no antidote for xylitol toxicity. Your veterinarian will usually monitor your dog for at least 12 hours for blood sugar levels and liver function, and if the dog’s blood sugar remains too low, he may require treatment for one-to-two days with an IV glucose solution. Prevention Dogs certainly have a sweet tooth, and some will gluttonously go for any sweets they can find. That’s why it’s so important to dog-proof your house and ensure that your dog can’t get into potentially harmful foods and products, such as xylitol-containing gum and candy. You’ll also need to keep an eye out for any gum your dog might sneak out of purses, from the trashcan, in the car, or off the ground. Sugar-free gum almost always contains xylitol. Unfortunately, it’s sometimes difficult to tell whether other products contain this ingredient. The labels may list sugar alcohols, but not whether one of them is xylitol. The other sugar alcohols, sorbitol and maltitol, aren’t toxic to dogs. The safest choice is to be wary of any product that has a label designating it as “sugar-free” or “no sugar added.” Always brush you dog’s teeth with toothpaste specifically designated for dogs, and never with one for people. And even when your dog is staring at you imploringly with those big brown eyes, don’t share your food if there’s a chance it may contain xylitol. The post What to Do If Your Dog Accidentally Eats Gum appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article
  8. Domestic dogs show many adaptations to living closely with humans, but they do not seem to reciprocate food-giving according to a new study.http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/sciencedaily/plants_animals/dogs/~4/kYugw-DKVh0View the source article
  9. mRNA plays a key role in the conversion of genetic information from DNA to proteins. Their production is a delicate process. A research team has now identified a crucial factor.http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/sciencedaily/plants_animals/dogs/~4/2Olf2oAOI5IView the source article
  10. When dentists advertise dental services for people, it’s all about creating pretty smiles. But for dogs, the veterinary reminders prompt a different story, as canine dental problems go deeper than a toothy grin. Small and large dogs experience different types of dental issues—all beginning with the size of their mouths. Adult dogs have 42 teeth—20 on the top, 22 on the bottom. Puppies have 28—14 on the upper jaw, 14 on the lower jaw. While the mouths of large dogs can accommodate all these teeth, the jaws on small dogs do not. Small Dogs, Petite Mugs “The biggest dental problem for little dogs is periodontal disease,” says Jan Bellows, DVM, Past President of the American Veterinary Dental College and a Board Certified Veterinary Dentist in Weston, Florida. Fitting all 42 teeth in a small mouth is a challenge. By the time they’re 12 years old, Toy breeds often have only half of their teeth “Their mouths are crowded, and teeth grow close together and at odd angles,” says Dr. Bellows. As a result, plaque builds up, turns into tartar, and food bits become lodged between the teeth. For example, when people eat popcorn and a kernel gets stuck between their teeth, they can brush or floss to remove it, but dogs can’t.“When the tartar accumulates, infection sets in under the gum line,” says Tony Woodward, DVM, a Board Certified Veterinary Dentist in Bozeman, Montana. “With some brachycephalic dogs, teeth can even grow in sideways. A hard piece of food can stay there for years,” Dr. Woodward says. “Many little dogs don’t chew their food as much—especially if they’re fed a lot of soft food, so more plaque and calculus build up and leads to inflammation of the gums.” Routine dental care guards against periodontal disease, tooth loss, and infection, which can make eating painful and difficult.“Small dogs can have abscessed teeth and hide it so well that their owners never suspect a problem,” says Dr. Woodward. “This ability to not show weakness goes back to their canine ancestors who had to protect themselves from predators.” Bad breath isn’t only about smelling a foul odor. It’s usually a sign of periodontal disease and often accompanies red, inflamed gums that bleed easily. Small dogs with putrid breath need a professional dental cleaning at the veterinarian’s office under anesthesia twice a year. “Non-essential dental cleaning without anesthesia will only remove surface tartar,” says Dr. Bellows. “Without anesthesia, it’s impossible to reach below the gum line.”Although regular tooth brushing is usually recommended to keep tartar from accumulating on teeth, Dr. Bellows recommends wiping the teeth once or twice a day after a meal. The friction can help remove plaque, especially on the lower jaw. If you see yellow or brown stained teeth, the dog has already fallen behind schedule for a professional dental cleaning. Large Dogs, Big Choppers Large dogs are far from immune to dental problems, but the reasons differ significantly from smaller canines. “The primary issues are fractured teeth and trauma,” says Dr. Woodward. Rough and tumble large breeds thrive on going after sticks, playing tug with another dog or their owner, and chewing on hard objects, such as antlers or bones. Unfortunately, these activities lead to breaking the chewable back teeth. If active play wasn’t enough to cause dental damage, grabbing the roots of a tree, chewing rocks in the yard, or bumping heads with another dog after going for the same toy cause tooth trauma. The American Dental College reports research shows that almost a third (20 to 27 percent) of canine patients have fractured teeth. “Another dental issue for Labrador Retrievers and Golden Retrievers is oral cancer,” says Dr. Bellows. “With all large dogs, teeth can fail to erupt, or they can grow in the wrong spot.” Caring for Cuspids Both veterinary dentists recommend a regular professional dental cleaning for large dogs once a year under anesthesia. During this time, the veterinarian should take x-rays of the dog’s mouth for an accurate picture of the dental condition. After this procedure, wipe the teeth once a day with a small washcloth. “Brushing teeth helps, but you can’t always reach every tooth,” says Dr. Woodward. “Give dogs chew toys that bend and avoid any hard bones that can break their back teeth.”Good dental care begins early. When the puppy receives its first or second set of vaccines, the veterinarian should examine the pup and look inside his mouth. “If, for example, there’s an abnormal growth or a bottom tooth is hitting the roof of the mouth, the veterinarian can spot it immediately and take care of it,” says Dr. Bellows. “A healthy mouth is all about prevention.” The post Do Small Dogs Have More Dental Problems Than Large Dogs? appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article
  11. Every year, thousands of dogs end up in a shelter in the Netherlands. Experts expect an increase in this number in the upcoming period, when people go back to the office after working from home during the corona crisis. Despite the good care of staff and volunteers, the shelter can be a turbulent experience for dogs. Researchers investigated if dogs can adapt to their new environment based on their nocturnal activity.http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/sciencedaily/plants_animals/dogs/~4/dOftsAYYLHUView the source article
  12. You know your dog gets your gist when you point and say 'go find the ball' and he scampers right to it. This knack for understanding human gestures may seem unremarkable, but it's a complex cognitive ability that is rare in the animal kingdom. New research comparing dog puppies to human-reared wolf pups offers some clues to how dogs' unusual people-reading skills came to be.http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/sciencedaily/plants_animals/dogs/~4/UQe-RbCuC84View the source article
  13. Rss Bot

    How to Get Rid of Stinky Dog Breath

    There are many reasons your dog may have bad breath, including diet and disease Talk to your vet to see if your dog is a candidate for a dental cleaning Get rid of bad dog breath with our top product picks Few smells are as unpleasant as a dog with bad breath. Your dog might think that you appreciate his kisses, but if he has bad breath, then getting up close and personal is the last thing that you want to do. Bad dog breath isn’t just gross – it could also be a sign of a health problem. Before you pop your dog a doggy breath mint, take a moment to do a little research into the possible causes of bad breath and what you can do to treat and prevent it. Causes of Bad Dog Breath Dog owners tend to dismiss bad dog breath as just “dog breath,” but there is usually a very good reason behind the odor. Oral Hygiene and Periodontal Disease The most common causes of bad breath in dogs are bad oral hygiene and periodontal disease. Just like in humans, the build-up of plaque and tartar can lead to the development of the bacteria that cause bad breath. If your dog is not a chewer and you do not regularly brush his teeth or have his teeth cleaned, then the most likely cause of his bad breath is plaque build-up.Over time, poor oral hygiene can lead to periodontal disease. Too much plaque and tartar build-up can push the gums away from the teeth, exposing new areas for bacteria to develop. This not only inflames the dog’s gums, but it can lead to cavities, infection, tissue destruction, tooth loss, and even pus formation. Needless to say, it also leads to very, very bad breath. Unpleasant Dietary Habits Dogs can be gross. Sometimes their habits translate directly into bad breath. If your dog regularly gets into the garbage, or has access to decomposing animal remains, then his bad breath could be the result of unsupervised snacking. Dogs also universally seem to love cat poop, and a household with cats can offer too much temptation for your dog to resist. Not only is this smelly, it is also unhygienic. As if cat poop wasn’t bad enough, some dogs eat their own poop or the poop of other dogs, a condition called coprophagia that causes bad breath in dogs and occasionally mild nausea in their horrified owners. Diabetes If your dog’s bad breath has a sweet or fruity smell to it, you need to make an appointment with your veterinarian. Sweet, fruity breath is a symptom of diabetes, a serious but treatable condition. Talk with your veterinarian about the other symptoms of diabetes to look out for, like more frequent drinking and urination, and set up an appointment to get your dog examined. Kidney Disease A dog that eats poop might have breath that smells like poop, but if your dog’s breath smells like urine, it is most likely not because she has been drinking pee. A urine odor to your dog’s breath is a warning sign of kidney disease, and warrants a visit to your veterinarian. Kidney disease is serious and could be a symptom of a larger medical problem. Liver Disease If your dog’s breath is truly foul and she is also vomiting, exhibiting a lack of appetite, and has a yellow tinge to her gums, she may have a liver problem. Like kidney disease, liver problems can be a sign of a serious condition, and it is vital that you get your dog into the veterinarian or emergency clinic as soon as possible. Treating Bad Dog Breath As important as it is to understand the underlying issues behind malodorous doggie breath, what we really want to know is how to get rid of it. Curing bad dog breath depends on the cause, but luckily there are quite a few treatment options out there. If plaque, tartar, and periodontal disease are behind your dog’s bad breath, then the best thing you can do is to schedule an appointment with your veterinarian to see if your dog is a candidate for a dental cleaning. Your veterinarian will run bloodwork to make sure your dog can handle anesthesia, and this appointment is also a great time to rule out any other potential causes for your dog’s bad breath. During the cleaning, your veterinarian may have to remove loose or damaged teeth, depending on the scope of the periodontal disease. When it comes to unsupervised snacking, securing the trash and limiting your dog’s access to unpleasant outdoor finds, like roadkill, will resolve this issue. Placing the litter box outside of his reach is a simple solution that eliminates cat feces consumption, unless the cats are also pooping outside, and cleaning up directly after your dog can help prevent coprophagia. Diabetes, kidney, and liver disease are all conditions that require treatment from a veterinarian. Once the underlying issue is resolved, your dog’s bad breath should go away, too. Preventing Bad Breath in Dogs The simplest way to prevent bad dog breath is to brush your dog’s teeth on a regular basis. Teeth brushing reduces plaque and promotes better oral hygiene, much as it does in humans, and with a little training, most dogs learn to enjoy having their teeth brushed. Dog toothpaste is formulated for dogs. Never brush your dog’s teeth with toothpaste meant for people, as it may contain ingredients that are toxic to dogs, like xylitol. Providing your dog with plenty of chew toys and dental treats helps them take care of their teeth naturally. Chewing prevents plaque and tartar build-up and relieves boredom, keeping your dog healthy and happy. Just make sure you pick dog chew toys appropriate for your dog’s size and age. Small breeds may require more dental care than large breeds as they are more prone to periodontal disease, according to the AKC Health Foundation. Smaller breeds tend to have teeth that are closer together, which promotes plaque and tartar build-up, so make sure you provide them with plenty of chew toys from a young age and brush their teeth regularly. Feeding your dog a quality, balanced diet, providing them with plenty of exercise and taking them to the veterinarian for regular check-ups can help prevent systemic disorders like diabetes. Plus, keeping your dog healthy helps avoid a host of other health problems, and can help your veterinarian pick up on the underlying cause of your dog’s bad breath before it gets too bad. There are other oral health products aside from canine toothpaste on the market, including special oral health diets, dental chews, and water additives. Talk to your veterinarian about the products they recommend. Say goodbye to your dog’s bad breath today by making an appointment with your veterinarian to discuss the possible causes for your dog’s bad breath and your treatment options. As with most health problems, prevention is the best cure, so pick up a tube of dog toothpaste and start brushing your dog’s teeth at least once a day to prevent oral decay. Top Products for Bad Dog Breath Dog Toothpaste and Toothbrush Set Dental Chews Dog Chew Teeth Cleaning Toy Enzymatic Toothpaste for Dogs The post How to Get Rid of Stinky Dog Breath appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article
  14. Rss Bot

    12 Dog-Friendly Summer Activities

    Summertime is perfect for outdoor fun. And it’s even better if your dog can join in. There are oodles of activities to try, from old standbys like fetch to more adventurous pursuits like hitting the trail for a hike. Consider your dog’s personality, activity level, and interests to be certain you find the perfect match. If you’re looking for some inspiration, the following list is sure to contain some ideas both you and your dog will enjoy. Have a Pet Portrait Session Summer makes a beautiful backdrop for a pet portrait session. You can even enlist the help of a friend and get in the picture with your pooch. Avoid the harsh shadows of midday and set your camera or phone on burst so you don’t miss a thing. The trick to capturing your dog’s best expression is to ensure they’re enjoying the experience. Go somewhere familiar and use treats and toys to hold their interest. Make Frozen Dog Treats Help your dog cool off on hot days with frozen goodies. A simple trick is to take a food-stuffable toy, like a classic Kong, and freeze it after filling. Another easy treat is frozen fruit chunks like watermelon cubes. You can also make ice cubes using no-salt added chicken broth. Finally, get more adventurous and try a recipe for pupsicles or soft serve treats. Try Scent Work Scent work is all about letting your dog do what they do best – sniff. All you need is a DIY beginner’s kit with some essential oils, jars, and cotton swabs. Then, with a few simple lessons, you can start playing in the backyard or park. For an informal version of the game, hide treats around your yard or sprinkle kibble in the lawn and let your dog sniff for the goodies. Enjoy a Picnic If you can’t find a restaurant that welcomes dogs on the patio, try a picnic instead. Bring a blanket big enough for you and your dog, and don’t forget to pack some dog-safe foods your pup can share. If you take a long walk ahead of time or otherwise exercise your dog, they will be far more likely to relax while you eat. Have a Puppy Party If your dog has some friends in the neighborhood, try throwing a puppy party. It’s a chance for the dogs to play and the owners to socialize. Make sure there are enough toys to go around, and if you BBQ or provide food for the owners, make sure unsafe items like chicken bones or onion slices are out of reach of the dogs. To add an extra dimension, include a used toy exchange. Each owner can bring a toy their dog no longer uses. Take a Dog Training Class Some training schools provide outdoor obedience classes in the summer. Not only do you get to enjoy the weather, but there are plenty of distractions you can incorporate into your training. Or if you’re looking for an entirely new way to play with your dog, consider trying a dog sport like agility, dock diving, or disc dog. You and your dog will build your bond as you learn to work together as a team. Build a Backyard Agility Course Build your own backyard obstacle course just for fun or to build agility skills at home. There are kits you can buy or you can DIY some simple obstacles with PVC pipe and some wood. Just be sure to keep the obstacles low for safety and let your dog go at their own pace. Head to the Dog Park Many dogs love the excitement of the dog park. If you want to guarantee there are some appropriate playmates for your pup, schedule dates with owners and dogs you already know. If you’re there on your own, watch the interactions between the other dogs before you let your dog off leash. It’s important the experience is positive and not overwhelming. Play Bobbing for Kibble Playing in the water is a great way for your dog to keep cool. You can play fetch through the sprinkler, hose them down, or let them paddle at the beach. Another fun game is bobbing for kibble. Fill a kiddie pool with a few inches of water and toss in a handful of kibble or other treats like apple slices. Let your dog jump in and retrieve the treats. Go For a Swim Take your dog to a lake, river, or beach and let them swim. Play together in the water or toss a floating toy for them to retrieve. Just be sure to always supervise your dog and provide plenty of fresh water to discourage drinking while they swim. Not all dogs are naturals in the water, so teach your dog to swim and provide a life jacket to boost their confidence. Take a Boat Ride Consider taking your dog for a boat ride. They can join you on a motorboat, canoe, kayak, or even a stand-up paddleboard. Be sure to put your dog in a life jacket and do some simple training beforehand in shallow water. For everyone’s safety, you want to be sure your dog is calm and comfortable in the boat. Create Some Paw Art Let your dog express their inner artist with some paw painting. All you need for your dog’s masterpiece are some nontoxic washable paints and a large piece of paper. Dip your dog’s paws in the paint and then encourage them to walk across the papermaking art as they go. And when you’re satisfied with the results, finish off by giving your dog an outdoor bath. No matter which of these activities you decide to try, remember that dogs can easily overheat in the summer. Stick to cooler days or early morning/evening when the sun isn’t as strong. And provide plenty of opportunities for a drink and a rest. The post 12 Dog-Friendly Summer Activities appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article
  15. Proteins from frozen canine faeces have been successfully extracted for the first time to reveal more about the diets of Arctic sled dogs.http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/sciencedaily/plants_animals/dogs/~4/Ap1ik_LBUXIView the source article
  16. Every dog suffers from diarrhea at least once in his lifetime. And every dog owner knows how messy, smelly, and uncomfortable it is — for the dog and for everyone. Here is the scoop on the health benefits of feeding pumpkin to dogs with diarrhea, so that you can help get your dog back on track. What Causes Dog Diarrhea? Before you reach for that can of pumpkin, you first need to figure out the cause of your dog’s diarrhea. Diarrhea is one of those symptoms that pops up for all kinds of diseases and infections, from parasites to parvo. Your dog’s diarrhea could be a sign of serious, even fatal illness, or it could be something as simple as a mild upset stomach. Just like us, dogs can get diarrhea from stress or a change in their diets. These mild cases of diarrhea normally resolve on their own, and you can help by adding a dietary supplement like pumpkin or feeding a mild diet designed for upset, canine tummies, such as a homemade bland diet made of three parts white rice to one part protein, such as boiled skinless or boneless chicken, or a prescription bland diet. If your dog is suffering from consistent diarrhea or bloody diarrhea, you should take him to see your veterinarian. Puppy diarrhea is especially concerning and should always be treated as a potential emergency, just in case it is a serious illness. Once your veterinarian has diagnosed your dog and suggested a treatment plan for the cause, however, pumpkin can be a helpful supplement to get your dog’s diarrhea under control. Find out more about the common causes of diarrhea in dogs Can Pumpkin Help With Dog Diarrhea? Pumpkin is a fiber-rich food that also contains important vitamins and minerals, such as vitamins A, E, and C, and potassium and iron. Plain, canned pumpkin is available year-round and can be a great addition to your canine first aid kit. Pumpkin can ease digestion in several ways. The soluble fiber content in pumpkin adds bulk to your dog’s stool by absorbing water, and fiber fermentation produces beneficial fatty acids that supply energy to cells, stimulate intestinal sodium and water absorption, and lower the pH level of the large intestines. Fiber also acts as a prebiotic. Prebiotics are different from probiotics. They stimulate the growth or activity of these beneficial bacteria in the intestines and inhibit the growth of harmful bacteria. Fiber does this by lowering the pH level and providing the necessary nutrients these bacteria need. These traits can all help with some cases of dog diarrhea. Depending on the cause of your dog’s diarrhea, veterinarians might recommend feeding either a highly digestible diet or a diet full of prebiotics (fiber). In some cases, they may also recommend adding probiotics, which are supplements that contain live beneficial bacteria. Pumpkin acts as a prebiotic booster for these probiotics. What Kind of Pumpkin Should I Feed My Dog? Plain canned pumpkin is the healthiest choice for your dog. Both fresh and canned pumpkin are good sources of nutrients and fiber, but canned pumpkin contains a higher concentration of fiber and nutrients compared to fresh pumpkin. This is because fresh pumpkin has higher water content than canned pumpkin. However, canned pumpkin with added salt, spices, sugar, or other additives can irritate your dog’s stomach further, counteracting the beneficial effects of the pumpkin. If you can’t get canned pumpkin, a good alternative is pumpkin powder, made specifically for pets. Note that you should NEVER use canned pumpkin pie, as it may contain xylitol, which is toxic to dogs. How Much Pumpkin Should I Give My Dog? To help abate your dog’s diarrhea, add 1-to-4 tablespoons of pumpkin or pumpkin powder to your dog’s meal. It is a good idea to start out with smaller quantities to avoid adding too much fiber to your dog’s diet, and if you have any questions about exactly how much pumpkin to feed your dog, consult your veterinarian. Can Pumpkin Help With Dog Constipation? On the opposite end of the spectrum, pumpkin can also help with constipation in dogs. The Merck Veterinary Manual states that adding 1-to-4 tablespoons of pumpkin per meal to the diet of a dog suffering from constipation can help ease mild constipation. It is important to make sure that dogs are well hydrated any time you increase the fiber content of their food, as dehydration can make constipation worse. It is also imperative to find out why your dog is constipated. Consult with your veterinarian to make sure your dog doesn’t have an enlarged prostate, foreign material or bones in the colon, or another issue that could be an emergency if it isn’t dealt with properly. Pumpkin is a useful and affordable way to help battle your dog’s diarrhea. If your dog is suffering from diarrhea or constipation, a tablespoon of pumpkin can ease his distress. Talk to your veterinarian if pumpkin does not help resolve your dog’s diarrhea and see if there are other supplements or medications you can try instead. The post ​Can Pumpkin Help With Dog Diarrhea? appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article
  17. One of the most dangerous rooms of the house with regard to accidental poisonings is the bedroom, on account of the nightstand next to the bed. Many adult dogs and teething puppies sleep in the bed with their humans, and thus have easy access to the drugs on that nightstand. Medications left on counters in kitchens and bathrooms find their way into the stomachs of bored dogs, too. If your dog ever does happen to ingest human medication, bring the original container to the veterinarian. The original bottle or package can tell you which drug is involved, what strength, how many pills or tablets were in the container, and possibly the manufacturer’s recommendations concerning poisoning. Dangerous Drugs for Dogs The most common human medications to cause poisoning in dogs include: http://cdn.akc.org/content/article-body-image/meds-dangerous.jpg NSAIDS The nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used and readily available — many of these can be purchased over the counter. These drugs are used to treat pain, inflammation, and fever in people. Examples of NSAIDs include aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, and indomethacin. In dogs, orally ingested NSAIDs are rapidly absorbed. Most achieve peak concentrations in the blood within three hours. The most commonly seen side effects of these medications are gastrointestinal irritation and damage to the GI tract. At recommended dosages, NSAIDs have little effect on the kidneys, but in cases of overdose (and also with chronic usage) renal damage has occurred. The simultaneous use of two NSAIDs can lead to kidney dysfunction. Additionally, NSAID overdose has caused clotting problems and liver disease. These drugs can also react with other drugs. Acetaminophen/Tylenol Another readily available human medication often used to treat pain and inflammation in dogs is acetaminophen. This drug, sold as Tylenol and other brand names, can be obtained both over the counter and in some prescription preparations. Exposure to dogs usually occurs through administration of acetaminophen by uninformed but well-meaning owners intending to treat fever, pain, or inflammation in their animal. Poisoning can occur from a single exposure to a large dose or from chronic exposure to a low dose. Acetaminophen poisoning in dogs causes injury to the liver and, in high enough dosages, even liver failure. Clinical signs can include lethargy, loss of appetite, belly pain, and jaundice. Swelling of the face and paws is also commonly seen. Cats are even more sensitive than dogs to acetaminophen — clinical signs can result from ingesting a single tablet. ADHD Medications Medications used for attention-deficit disorder and hyperactivity contain amphetamine, a potent stimulant. Ingestion of these medications by dogs can lead to life-threatening tremors, seizures, elevated body temperature, and even cardiac and respiratory arrest. Blood Pressure Medications Blood pressure medications, like ACE inhibitors and beta blockers, can cause weakness, stumbling, and dangerously low blood pressure. Sleep Medications Medications designed to aid with sleep, like Xanax, Ambien, and Valium, can cause dogs to become lethargic, seem intoxicated and, in some cases, have dangerously slowed breathing rates. Some dogs become severely agitated after ingesting these drugs. Treatment for Accidental Medication Intoxication The vast majority of these accidental intoxications can be successfully managed with early treatment. For poisonings, the best outcomes involve seeking immediate advice from your veterinarian followed by aggressive, proactive treatment, if necessary. Your vet may suggest making the animal vomit if ingestion just occurred, but your pet may also need intravenous fluid support or treatment with specific medications and antidotes to combat the toxin. Always check with your veterinarian before starting any treatments to neutralize the poison. It’s important to note that time is of the essence for many of these poisonings, and most treatments are best done at a veterinary hospital. The post My Dog Ate My Pills! 10 Most Dangerous Human Medications for Pets appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article
  18. One of the most dangerous rooms of the house with regard to accidental poisonings is the bedroom, on account of the nightstand next to the bed. Many adult dogs and teething puppies sleep in the bed with their humans, and thus have easy access to the drugs on that nightstand. Medications left on counters in kitchens and bathrooms find their way into the stomachs of bored dogs, too. If your dog ever does happen to ingest human medication, bring the original container to the veterinarian. The original bottle or package can tell you which drug is involved, what strength, how many pills or tablets were in the container, and possibly the manufacturer’s recommendations concerning poisoning. Dangerous Drugs for Dogs The most common human medications to cause poisoning in dogs include: http://cdn.akc.org/content/article-body-image/meds-dangerous.jpg NSAIDS The nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used and readily available — many of these can be purchased over the counter. These drugs are used to treat pain, inflammation, and fever in people. Examples of NSAIDs include aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, and indomethacin. In dogs, orally ingested NSAIDs are rapidly absorbed. Most achieve peak concentrations in the blood within three hours. The most commonly seen side effects of these medications are gastrointestinal irritation and damage to the GI tract. At recommended dosages, NSAIDs have little effect on the kidneys, but in cases of overdose (and also with chronic usage) renal damage has occurred. The simultaneous use of two NSAIDs can lead to kidney dysfunction. Additionally, NSAID overdose has caused clotting problems and liver disease. These drugs can also react with other drugs. Acetaminophen/Tylenol Another readily available human medication often used to treat pain and inflammation in dogs is acetaminophen. This drug, sold as Tylenol and other brand names, can be obtained both over the counter and in some prescription preparations. Exposure to dogs usually occurs through administration of acetaminophen by uninformed but well-meaning owners intending to treat fever, pain, or inflammation in their animal. Poisoning can occur from a single exposure to a large dose or from chronic exposure to a low dose. Acetaminophen poisoning in dogs causes injury to the liver and, in high enough dosages, even liver failure. Clinical signs can include lethargy, loss of appetite, belly pain, and jaundice. Swelling of the face and paws is also commonly seen. Cats are even more sensitive than dogs to acetaminophen — clinical signs can result from ingesting a single tablet. ADHD Medications Medications used for attention-deficit disorder and hyperactivity contain amphetamine, a potent stimulant. Ingestion of these medications by dogs can lead to life-threatening tremors, seizures, elevated body temperature, and even cardiac and respiratory arrest. Blood Pressure Medications Blood pressure medications, like ACE inhibitors and beta blockers, can cause weakness, stumbling, and dangerously low blood pressure. Sleep Medications Medications designed to aid with sleep, like Xanax, Ambien, and Valium, can cause dogs to become lethargic, seem intoxicated and, in some cases, have dangerously slowed breathing rates. Some dogs become severely agitated after ingesting these drugs. Treatment for Accidental Medication Intoxication The vast majority of these accidental intoxications can be successfully managed with early treatment. For poisonings, the best outcomes involve seeking immediate advice from your veterinarian followed by aggressive, proactive treatment, if necessary. Your vet may suggest making the animal vomit if ingestion just occurred, but your pet may also need intravenous fluid support or treatment with specific medications and antidotes to combat the toxin. Always check with your veterinarian before starting any treatments to neutralize the poison. It’s important to note that time is of the essence for many of these poisonings, and most treatments are best done at a veterinary hospital. The post My Dog Ate My Pills! 10 Most Dangerous Human Medications for Pets appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article
  19. About 100 additional wolves died over the winter in Wisconsin as a result of the delisting of grey wolves under the Endangered Species Act, alongside the 218 wolves killed by licensed hunters during Wisconsin's first public wolf hunt, according to new research. A majority of these additional, uncounted deaths are due to cryptic poaching, where poachers hide evidence of illegal killings.http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/sciencedaily/plants_animals/dogs/~4/_absHMbiaC0View the source article
  20. Taking your dog along can make the family vacation more fun for everyone, if you plan carefully. Here are some trip tips to make traveling with your dog enjoyable. Health And Safety Health Checks. Bring your dog to the veterinarian for a checkup before going on an extended trip. Make sure all his vaccinations are up-to-date; take shot records with you. Health certifications are required for airline travel. Ask your veterinarian if your dog is in proper mental and physical shape to travel. Remember that not all dogs will enjoy going on a trip. To keep your dog healthy as you travel, bring along a supply of his regular food. Don’t forget bottled water and be sure to bring any medications he needs. Be prepared for an emergency. Find the number of the nearest 24-hour veterinary emergency hospital and program it into your cell phone, along with the office and emergency number for your regular veterinarian (in case the veterinarians need to speak with each other). That way, if there’s a situation where your dog needs medical attention, you are prepared with the necessary information on hand. Crates A crate is an excellent way to keep your dog safe in the car and is required for airline travel. It can also keep your pet from getting into trouble in a hotel or at your host’s home. Crates are available from most pet supply stores. Look for these features when purchasing: Large enough to allow the dog to stand, turn, and lie down. Strong, with handles and grips, and free of interior protrusions. Leak-proof bottom covered with absorbent material. Ventilation on opposing sides, with exterior rims or knobs to prevent blocked airflow. “Live Animal” label, arrows showing upright position, with owner’s name, address, and phone number. Stock the crate with a comfortable mat, your dog’s favorite toy, and a water bottle, and your dog is ready to go. Our Guide to the Best Dog Crates <?php $js_path = 'assets/js/realtor-in-content.js'; wp_enqueue_script( 'realtor-in-content', get_template_directory_uri() . $js_path, [ 'main', 'jquery' ], \AKC\Release::version(get_template_directory() . $js_path), true ); ?> In Partnership with Find Your Perfect Home Places Buy Rent Search Now *Dog friendly rental filter applied to results Identification In the event that your dog gets away from you on your trip, you can increase the chances of recovery by making sure he can be properly identified: Make sure your dog has a sturdy leash and collar. The collar should have identification tags with the dog’s name, your name, and your home phone number, as well as proof of rabies shots. If you plan on being away for more than a few days, consider purchasing a second identification tag giving the location and phone number of your vacation spot. Consider a permanent form of identification, such as a microchip (see AKC Reunite). Bring a recent picture of your dog along with you, as well as a copy of his health records listing all of his recent vaccinations. Traveling By Car Get your dog used to the car by letting them sit in it with you without leaving the driveway, and then going for short rides. Avoid carsickness by letting your dog travel on an empty stomach. However, make sure he has plenty of water at all times. Keep the car well ventilated. If the dog is in a crate, make sure that fresh air can flow into the crate. Consider a dog seat belt or dog car seat to keep your dog safe. Do not let your dog ride with his head sticking out of an open window. This can lead to eye injuries. Never let your dog ride in the back of an open truck. This is extremely dangerous and can lead to severe injuries or death. Stop frequently for exercise and potty breaks. Be sure to clean up after your dog. Car rides are boring for everyone, so instruct your children not to tease or annoy the dog in the car. Never, ever leave your dog unattended in a closed vehicle, particularly in the summer. See our summer safety tips for more information. If you must leave the car, designate a member of the family to stay with the dog Flying When traveling by plane, plan to visit your veterinarian before your trip. Certification of health must be provided to the airline no more than 10 days before travel. Rabies and vaccination certificates are also required. Your dog should be at least 8 weeks old and weaned. Airlines make it clear that it is the owner’s responsibility to verify the dog’s health and ability to fly. Ask your veterinarian if it would be best for your dog to be tranquilized for the trip. Also, be sure to check the temperature of the flight’s starting point and destination; it may be too hot or too cold to be safe for your dog. Federal regulations prohibit shipping live animals as excess baggage or cargo if an animal will be exposed to temperatures that are below 45 degrees Fahrenheit or above 85 degrees Fahrenheit for more than four hours during departure, arrival, or while making connections. Remember that each airline has its own variations on regulations and services. For example, if your crate doesn’t meet its requirements, the airline may not allow you to use it. They may, however, allow your dog in the passenger cabin if your crate or carrier fits under the seat in front of you. When making your reservations, you must make reservations for your dog. There are restrictions on the number of animals permitted on each flight. They are accepted on a first-come, first-served basis. Airline Pet Policies: A Guide to Dog Travel Requirements for Flying Traveling by Train, Bus Or Boat If you plan to travel by train or bus, you may be disappointed. Only dogs under 20 pounds are permitted on Amtrak trains (There is also a $25 fee). Dogs are not allowed on buses operated by Greyhound and other interstate bus companies. (Service dogs are permitted.) Local rail and bus companies have their own policies. You may fare better if you’re taking a cruise. However, you should check the policies of the cruise line or ship you will be traveling on before making plans to take your dog on a cruise with you. International Dog Travel: How to Travel Abroad With Pets Best Practices When Traveling With Your Dog Plan bathroom breaks. Before you leave home, teach your dog to relieve himself on multiple surfaces — not just grass! Having the ability to potty on different terrains, such as concrete, mulch, and gravel, will alleviate his discomfort as well as the possibility of accidents while you’re on the road or otherwise. Bring a supply of bags to clean up afterward and a leash. Bring games and toys. To make sure your dog doesn’t get bored, provide him with a few new toys — and a couple of old favorites. You might want to include a puzzle-type toy to keep him occupied. Pack food and water. Check with your veterinarian about giving your dog only bottled water while away from home to ensure that he doesn’t get an upset stomach. And instead of taking his usual bulky bowls, buy collapsible ones and let him get used to using them one week or so before you travel. Lodging Find out in advance which hotels or motels at your destination or on your route allow dogs. Many do not, or have size restrictions. If your dog is allowed to stay at a hotel, respect other guests, staff, and the property. Keep your dog as quiet as possible. Do not leave the dog unattended. Many dogs will bark or destroy property if left alone in a strange place. Ask the management where you should walk your dog, and pick up after him. Do not leave any mess behind. Remember that one bad experience with a dog guest may prompt the hotel management to refuse to allow any dogs. Be considerate of others and leave your room and the grounds in good condition. Puppy-proof the vacation home (or room). Before you let your dog have free run of his home away from home, make certain it’s safe for your dog to explore. Be sure that electrical cords are out of reach and that previous occupants didn’t leave anything on the floor or under furniture that could be potentially harmful to your dog. A Guide to Dog-Friendly Hotel Chains in the United States Remember, it’s a vacation. Traveling can be stressful, but a calm owner usually has a calm pet. Our animals pick up on our stress, so if you’re nervous and uptight, your dog may show stress and anxiety, too. Don’t forget that some dogs don’t enjoy traveling, and your dog may prefer to stay home with a dog sitter. The post The Complete Guide to Traveling With Your Dog appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article
  21. The summer heat can be stifling for both dogs and humans! And when we lose power, it is not only stressful on our own bodies but on our dogs’ as well. There are a few steps you can take to keep both you and your dog cool in extreme heat. Most Dogs Aren’t Built for Heat Most breeds are built to conserve rather than dissipate heat. They don’t have sweat glands, and most of their body is wrapped in fur with little or no exposed skin; they lose heat through the pads of their feet and through their mouths by panting. Some breeds need special consideration For example, white or fine-coated breeds, like Bull Terriers and Greyhounds are especially vulnerable to sunburn, while the black coat of dogs like the Schipperke absorbs heat, adding to the danger of overheating and heat stroke. Keep Water Available Let your dog drink as much water as possible If you have a working freezer, make cold treats, like frozen chew toys or dog-safe ice pops How to Help a Dog Cool Down Along with plenty of cool water, the most important thing to do to keep a dog cool is to stay indoors or in the shade. If your air conditioning turns off an extra-hot day, go to the coolest area of the house you can, such as the basement. If possible, stay at a friend’s house until your air conditioning is restored. There are other ways you can relieve your dog from the heat by having supplies on hand in advance: Battery-operated fan. Cool cloths, which are made of chamois material, like those used to dry cars at a car wash. Put a moist chamois on your dog’s back without getting him too wet, take it off, and present him to the judge, who probably will only feel a tiny bit of dampness when going over the dog. If you keep your cool cloth in a cooler, don’t put it directly into the ice. You don’t want to put anything ice-cold onto a dog, because that shrinks the blood vessels and actually generates more internal heat. Cooling vest, which deflects the heat and cools the dog through evaporation. Cooling crate pad or a cold, wet towel that you can spread out for your dog to lie on. You can also have him stand on a damp towel to help the footpads release heat. Rubbing alcohol which you can dab behind your dog’s ears, on his stomach, or on his paws. Rubbing alcohol cools faster than water and can draw out heat. Spray bottle filled with cool water. Spray his underside that’s not exposed to the hot sun (such as the groin area, where the hair is less dense), the bottoms of his feet, and inside his mouth. Rectal thermometer with lubricant. Your dog’s temperature shouldn’t rise above 102.5, which is the high end of normal. Unflavored pediatric electrolyte solution for the dog to drink if he gets dehydrated. The Signs of Heatstroke In spite of your best efforts, your dog could develop heatstroke. Here are the symptoms: Unusual breathing (rapid and loud). High rectal temperature (103 or higher). Extreme thirst. Weakness and/or fatigue. Frequent vomiting. Disorientation. Dark or bright red tongue and gums (https://pets.webmd.com/dogs/features/dog-cool-summer#1). Skin around the muzzle or neck doesn’t snap back when pinched (dehydration). Difficulty breathing. Thick saliva. Rapid heartbeat Heavy drooling Agitation If you suspect that your dog is overheated, immediately take him to a cooler area or to the vet. Once in a cool room, separate his fur with your fingers so the cool air can penetrate to the skin. To cool your dog down as quickly as possible, pour cool water over his head and body, or gently hose a very gentle stream of cool water over him, or, where possible, submerge him in a tub of cool water. Even if your dog seems stable, it’s a good idea to take him to the nearest vet for evaluation and treatment if necessary. The post How to Keep Your Dog Cool in Extreme Heat Without Air Conditioning appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article
  22. As with all “brachycephalic” breeds, precautions must be taken to ensure flat-faced dogs such as Pugs don’t become overheated. But first, let’s define what brachycephalic means, and which breeds fit this description. In layman’s terms, it refers to those breeds with a flat and wide skull shape, giving the dog a flat-faced appearance. Other breeds in this category include Boston Terriers, Pekingese, Shih Tzu, Bulldogs, French Bulldogs, and Boxers. All dogs must be kept well-hydrated and cool when the temperature rises, especially if they spend time outdoors during the heat of the day, or are kept in an area without air-conditioning. But flat-faced breeds can be especially prone to overheating. According to the AKC Canine Health Foundation, heat-related canine conditions are serious if left untreated, and can lead to organ failure and even death from cardiac arrhythmias. Unfortunately, it can happen quickly, so it’s important to recognize the warning signs early. Signs of Flat-Faced Dog Overheating Dry mouth, nose, and gums Poor skin elasticity (this can be tested by gently pulling up on the skin at the back of the dog’s neck. It should spring back immediately. If it doesn’t, he may be dehydrated) Fast, noisy breathing Excessive panting or drooling Sunken eyes Disorientation or staggering Preventing Overheating Luckily, preventing overheating is not complicated. But these simple precautions are vital. The biggest rule: Never leave your dog unattended in a vehicle in hot (or even warm) weather. Repeat: Never. Temperatures inside a car can shoot up to life-threatening levels very quickly. The situation is so serious that it is a criminal offense in some states. If you see a dog left in a parked car in the heat, alert nearby security or call 911 or animal control. Always provide access to plenty of fresh, clean drinking water. When outside, make sure there is an area of complete shade. Encourage your dog to take breaks from exercise. Set up a sprinkler or have a hose available for periodic cool-downs. Avoid being outside during the hottest part of the day. Choose morning or after sunset to walk or exercise with your dog. Stay off of hot pavement. A dog’s paw pads more sensitive than you think and can suffer burns. Consider purchasing a cooling vest or cooling mat to help your dog cool down. What to Do If Your Dog is Overheating If you think your dog is overheating, act quickly. And as always, seek immediate veterinary attention if you suspect dehydration, heat exhaustion, or other heat-related conditions. Here are steps you can take: Get the dog to a cool area, particularly one with air-conditioning. Offer small amounts of water at intervals. Too much at once can lead to vomiting, which exacerbates dehydration. Soak towels in cool—not cold—water and apply to his body. A hose will work, too (as long as the water isn’t ice cold). If possible, take your dog’s temperature. If it’s lower than 104 degrees, you can continue to watch him, but call your vet for her input—based on the information you provide, she will advise you about what to do next. If the temperature is 104 degrees or higher, you must get him to a vet immediately. Call ahead so they can prepare. Lastly: You know your dog better than anyone. Some dogs will not stop chasing that ball or tearing around the yard no matter how hot they are. It’s your responsibility to diligently watch for any of the warning signs above and take action quickly. The post How to Keep Pugs, Frenchies, & Other Flat-Faced Breeds From Overheating appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article
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    Warning Signs of Dehydration in Dogs

    What Is Canine Dehydration? Dehydration in dogs occurs when the body loses more fluid than it’s taking in. All mammals rely on water to keep their bodies functioning properly, and dogs are no exception. In fact, water is necessary to virtually every important body function, including lubricating joints, cushioning internal organs, aiding digestion, and regulating body temperature. When we think of nutrition, we generally think of food. But water is a critically necessary ingredient that allows the cells in your dog’s body to absorb nutrients. It is normal for a dog’s body to gain and lose water throughout the day. Panting, breathing, urinating, defecating, and evaporation through the paws all contribute to normal water loss, which your dog compensates for by eating and drinking. When a dog’s body gets to the point where normal fluid intake fails to make up for water loss, the blood flow and the volume of fluids is reduced, which reduces the delivery of oxygen to organs and tissue. Dehydration in dogs also results in a loss of electrolytes, such as sodium, chloride, and potassium. These minerals have important functions in the body: Balancing the body’s pH Moving nutrients into cells Facilitating muscle function Regulating nerve function In the most serious cases of canine dehydration, the severe shortage of fluids can even lead to kidney and other organ failure and to death. Causes of Dehydration in Dogs Lack of water intake can cause dehydration, which can occur if a dog doesn’t have proper access to water or won’t drink enough. Whether you’re at home or gone for part of the day, be sure to leave enough water so your dog will not run out. Acute attacks of vomiting and diarrhea, heat stroke, or illnesses and a fever may also cause a dog to become dehydrated. Puppies, senior dogs, nursing mothers, and toy dog breeds may have an increased risk of dehydration. Sometimes dehydration in dogs is a symptom of an underlying cause, including these diseases or conditions: kidney disease, diabetes, or some types of cancer. There are some dogs who just won’t drink much water unless they are encouraged to do so. Or they are exercising outside to the point where they are panting and therefore losing fluids. What Are the Symptoms of Canine Dehydration? So, how can you tell if your dog is dehydrated? Unfortunately, our dogs can’t tell us they’re thirsty, but knowing the signs of dehydration can help dog owners respond quickly and also catch potential serious medical conditions before they become life-and-death emergencies. According to Dr. Jerry Klein, the AKC’s chief veterinary officer and an expert in veterinary emergency and critical care, symptoms of canine dehydration include: Loss of skin elasticity Loss of appetite Vomiting with or without diarrhea Reduced energy levels and lethargy Panting Sunken, dry-looking eyes Dry nose Dry, sticky gums Thick saliva Loss of skin elasticity is the easiest signs to test for dehydration. To test for it, Dr. Klein suggests that you gently hold some of the dog’s skin near his shoulder blades, raise it up, and then let it go. Watch carefully as it falls back into place. In well-hydrated dogs, the skin instantly will spring back to its original position. The skin of dehydrated dogs, on the other hand, will take longer to fall back into place. “It’s a good idea to first test your dog’s skin when you are sure he’s well hydrated, so that you have a base for what normal skin elasticity feels like. This is especially important for owners of wrinkly breeds, such as Bulldogs or Neapolitan Mastiffs, because their skin may not be as elastic, even under normal conditions,” says Dr. Klein. Another test is to check your dog’s gums to feel whether they’re sticky and dry, and while you’re doing that, test for capillary refill time. Press your finger gently against your dog’s gums and then remove your finger. In a well-hydrated dog, the area where you pressed will appear white for a second, and then return to its normal pink color almost immediately. In dehydrated dogs, the capillary refill time takes much longer. Treating Canine Dehydration If you suspect your pet is dehydrated, first make sure he drinks plenty of fresh, cool water, especially in hot weather. In a vicious cycle, dehydrated dogs can lose their appetites, which causes them to eat less, and therefore eliminates the water content they would normally get from their food. He also may need to have his electrolytes replaced because when his body isn’t getting enough water, fluids containing electrolytes are drawn out of the cells, causing an imbalance that affects his organs. If your dog is not vomiting, you can try giving him an electrolyte-enhanced fluid like Pedialyte. It’s best to check with your veterinarian for dosage recommendations. “If your dog has any of the symptoms of dehydration listed above, persistent vomiting or you suspect heatstroke, take him to the vet immediately; this is considered a medical emergency,” says Dr. Klein. “The vet can administer subcutaneous or intravenous fluids to most quickly replace the fluids that were lost and prevent further loss.” Since dehydration is often a symptom of a larger problem, your veterinarian will want to diagnose and treat the underlying condition. This process will depend on your dog’s other symptoms and could involve anything from blood work to x-rays or other tests. How to Prevent Dehydration in Dogs The best way to protect your dog from dehydration is to make sure he doesn’t get in that condition in the first place: provide him with a constant supply of clean, clear water at all times, including when you take him outside. Some dogs drink more than others; so you may need to take extra care to make sure that picky drinkers get enough water. Some dog owners try flavoring water with bone broth or giving their dogs ice cubes to chew on. Depending on the weather and temperature, and the activity level and exercise of your dog, he will probably need more water on some days than others. As a general rule, dogs require at least one ounce of water per day for each pound of body weight. Your veterinarian can offer advice about how best to ensure your dog consumes enough fluids, based on his age, weight, and condition. We can’t always prevent our dogs from getting sick, beyond keeping them up-to-date on their vaccines, and providing them with a healthy diet, exercise, and regularly scheduled examinations by a veterinarian. Make sure to put away items that can be eaten like socks and other inedible objects and garbage like corn cobs that can cause blockages put away and close all garbage lids. But understanding the importance of providing our dogs with ready access to fresh water and knowing the signs of dehydration can help us prevent dehydration and catch it before it becomes dangerous. The post Warning Signs of Dehydration in Dogs appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article
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    Can Dogs Eat Marshmallows?

    Marshmallows are one of those treats that can be hard to resist — and it’s nearly impossible to eat just one. But, can dogs eat marshmallows? The answer is no. Though not all marshmallows are toxic to dogs, they certainly aren’t good for your canine companion. Made from sugar, corn syrup, gelatin, vanilla extract, and coated with either cornstarch or confectioners’ sugar, marshmallows contain very little, if any, nutritional value or health benefits. Xylitol in Marshmallows Dr. Carly Fox, a staff doctor at New York City’s Animal Medical Center, says if the marshmallow has xylitol (an artificial sugar) as an ingredient, it is absolutely toxic to your dog and can be extremely harmful, even if ingested in small quantities. “Xylitol can cause dangerously low blood sugar, leading to seizures and even death if the dog is not treated properly,” says Dr. Fox. “It has also been shown to be toxic to the liver, even days after ingestion.” Marshmallows contain an incredibly high amount of sugar and calories and are especially dangerous for any dog with diabetes or weight problems. Even if your pup is healthy, feeding him sugary treats can contribute to obesity, which can lead to diabetes due to insulin resistance. As for marshmallows that do not contain xylitol, both Dr. Fox and Dr. Lucas White, a veterinarian with Sunset Veterinarian Clinic in Edmond, Okla., agree that eating too many can lead to gastrointestinal upset. Your pup would likely exhibit signs of vomiting, lack of appetite, and diarrhea. If those symptoms persist for more than one-to-two days, your dog could also be at risk for pancreatitis. If he’s ingested marshmallows containing xylitol, your canine companion could exhibit the above symptoms, as well as ataxia (uncoordinated gait) or seizures. What to Do if Your Dog Ate Multiple Marshmallows Call your veterinarian immediately if your dog consumes multiple marshmallows. Your vet will most likely choose to induce vomiting if the dog ate the marshmallows within the last couple of hours to prevent prolonged gastrointestinal upset, pancreatitis, and GI obstruction. Feeding your dog treats that are high in sugar is never a good idea. While these treats might not be harmful in the moment, that can change over time. Ideally, marshmallows should be avoided. Instead, opt for healthier snacks like carrots, green veggies, blueberries, etc., that will provide better nutritional value for your dog. The post Can Dogs Eat Marshmallows? appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article
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    What to Do if Your Dog Eats Ladybugs

    A few years ago, a photo showing what appears to be dozens of ladybugs embedded onto the roof of a dog’s mouth was shared around social media, warning pet owners. But should dog owners be worried about letting their dogs eat ladybugs? According to the American Veterinary Medical Association, there’s no real reason for concern. The AVMA explained on Facebook that the bugs in question were not ladybugs, but an invasive species called Asian lady beetles, which caused a problem in a dog who consumed about 16 of them. According to the 2008 abstract, after the dog ate the bugs, they secreted a mucous that caused them to become lodged on the top of the dog’s mouth, causing corrosion similar to a chemical burn. The case above is the only one that’s been documented, but a veterinarian from Florida reportedly has seen similar cases in her practice. Still, pet owners would see signs of drowsiness or drooling if their dog was affected with an issue from eating the bugs. In other words, it’s not necessary to obsessively check your dog’s mouth for beetle infestation unless you see symptoms. So how common are the invasive species? The AVMA states the following: “Our info is limited, but it appears that—as with many invasive species—the invasive species is expanding and crowding out the native species. But we don’t know relative numbers.” Are Ladybugs Poisonous to Dogs? While it is rare that ladybugs themselves would poison a dog, it is still possible that they can have a negative impact on your dog’s gastrointestinal tract. This is rare, but there are signs to look out for: vomiting inability to poop (dogs can’t digest the hard shells) drooling drowsiness changes in behavior behavioral changes If you’re worried your dog is showing any of the above symptoms, contact your veterinarian. The post What to Do if Your Dog Eats Ladybugs appeared first on American Kennel Club. View the source article

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